Chinese historical TV drama“A man of compassion : The Acts of Confucius”


Confucius and famous pupils from the drama, 孔子と弟子

< From the drama, second right is Confucius. Others are famous pupils. : 右から子貢、孔子、子路、顔回 >

I finished looking at the drama and recognized the mistake in my Confucius image.

Since I received deep impression from the lifestyle of Confucius, I want to tell it.

 

Although Confucius image I have held is a person influenced East Asia greatly.

For a long time I thought that he only brandishes an ethical theory by nostalgia for the good old days, and he was mere idealist

All his lives, he aimed at the social reformation, but he was defeated at political strife many times, and was expelled from some countries.

He went in quest of the monarch can be realized his ideal, he wandered about some countries with his pupils, while encountering danger many times.

However, even if he can meet a monarch, it does not compromise with a monarch on a target and a means.

After all, he is not employed. He is very stubborn, inflexible.

I consider that He was not able to realize an ideal at all.

 

歴史ドラマ「恕の人―孔子伝」全35話を見終え、孔子像の間違いに気がつきました。

孔子の生き方に深い感銘を受けましたので、お伝えします。

 

私が抱いていた孔子とは東アジアに多大な影響を残した人物ではあるが、懐古趣味で道徳論(処世術)を振り回す、世渡り下手な理想家だと思っていました。

彼は生涯、社会改革を望みながら、幾度も政争に負け、国を追われた。

己を採用してくれる為政者を求めて危難に幾度もあいながら諸国を弟子と共に放浪する。

しかしながら、彼が主権者に会うことができても、目標と手段で君主に妥協することはありません。

結局、採用されることはない。恐るべき融通のなさ、片意地さである。

必死で生きた73才の生涯は何ら理想を実現出来なかったように思える。

the Analects of Confucius :  論語

< the Analects of Confucius  :  論語 >

This is the book with which his pupils wrote Confucius’s words.

“What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others.” is famous.

 

これは彼の弟子達が孔子の言葉を書いた本です。

「あなたが望まないことを、他人にしてはならない。」は有名です。

Confucius's lesson scenery 孔子の授業風景

< Confucius’s lesson scenery >

 But, in the drama, there was a splendid brightness in relation of Confucius and his many pupils.

 The famous pupils occur frequently to the Analects of Confucius respect him as a teacher, adore and love him.

 It was the educator’s figure from the thinker.

 Many farmers, vagrants, townspeople were contained in the pupils.

 They receive discipline of Confucius, and are employed as each royal family or powerful clan, and begin activity.

 A prominent reform politician and the thinker were soon borne by the pupil’s pupil.

 Confucianism becomes a state religion of Han in 400 years later.

だがドラマで描かれていた孔子と弟子の関わりには異様な輝きがあった。

論語に頻出する高弟の顔回、子路、子貢などが孔子を師と仰ぎ、敬い慕う姿に、思想家と言うより教育者の姿を見た。

弟子には百姓、浮浪者、町人などが多くいたが、彼らは孔子の薫陶を受け、各王家や豪族に仕官し活躍し始める。

やがて孫弟子あたりから著名な改革政治家や思想家が誕生し、儒教は400年後に漢の国教となる。

Confucius’s greatness・・・

 Confucius was living right in the middle of the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods (BC770 ~ BC221).

This time was in an era when the weak were the victims of the strong.

The state divided about in 200 is ruined and it becomes 16 nations, it was very a desperate time.

On another front, the ironware and the money begin to spread, the farming, the trade, and the city develop, and the country that repeats a conflict began to ask for talented people.

 

 

孔子の偉大さとは・・

孔子の生きた時代は春秋戦国時代(BC770~BC221)のちょうど真ん中、下克上がまさに深刻の度を増していた。

2百ほどに分裂した国家が滅ぼされ16ヵ国になり、まさに血みどろの時代であった。

鉄器と貨幣が普及し始め、農耕・交易・都市は発展し、争乱を繰り返す国は人材を求めだした。

war 軍団

< war >

 Confucius played an active part in this beginning.

Although Confucius seemed to have desired revival to old organization, there were novelty and innovation in the thought.

A.   He appeals for the reign of virtue, opposes the reign by the wealth and military strength that the monarch desired at that time.

B.   He denied God, a prayer, impurity. He depended on neither a family line nor a race, and emphasized the recruitment by capability and the education.

C.   “仁”(jin: perfect virtue) that everyone should have is a base that achieves a peaceful society. The perfect virtue advocated by Confucius mean self-control and consideration for others.

この最初に活躍したのが孔子でした。

孔子はさらに500年前の古い体制(周)への復活を望んだように見えるが、その思想には新規性と革新性があった。

A 当時為政者が望んだ軍備や法・租税強化により富国強兵ではなく、徳による治世を訴える。

B 神や祈祷、穢れなどを否定し、出自や民族を問わず、能力による人材登用、教育を重視した。

C 万人が持つべき「仁」は平和社会を実現する根本だとした。(自己抑制と思いやり)

A thought of Confucius 孔子の思想

< A thought of Confucius >

 Although Confucius’s family line status was low, he learned by itself.

He tried to find out the method of the social reformation from every tradition or many history books.

Some thought revolutionized the society arose at roughly the same time.

“The recognition of human ignorance” of Socrates in Greece, “The religious precepts and the worldly desires extinction by enlightenment” of Gautama Buddha in India, etc.

He chose a different way from these.

He does not deny the national system, and told people with realistic and intelligible words and phrases.

The basis of his thought is depended on neither a myth nor a philosophy.

He asked the good politics and history of 500 years ago for it.

Confucius stuck to the courtesy, such as funerals and festivals.

He did not perform the thorough treason or resistance, but acted by moderate soul and the soul of waiting.

孔子の出自身分は低かったが、社会改革の方法を伝承や歴史書から見出そうとした。

ほぼ同時代のソクラテスの「無知の知」や、釈迦の「戒律と悟りによる煩悩滅却」とは異なる道を選んだ。

国家体制を否定せず、常に現実的で因習に捕らわれず、庶民に理解出来る言葉で語った。

思想の根拠を、神話や哲学によらず500年前の善政と歴史に求めた。

孔子は礼楽や葬祭などの儀礼にこだわり過ぎたきらいはあるが、徹底した反逆や反抗に走らず、中庸の精神、待ちの精神で事にあたった。

In the troublous times, he wanted to build a peace by means of “jin”(perfect virtue) and “rei”(rule)

This act looks more foolish than Don Quixote.

However, this led the national system and the people of East Asia for 2500 years to the orderly life.

It was the same as that of Gautama Buddha or Jesus Christ.

乱世にあって、仁(徳)と礼(規範)のみを武器に平和を築こうとした行為はドンキホーテよりも滑稽に見える。

しかし、そのことが2500年間の東アジアの国家体制や庶民を秩序ある暮らしへと導いたのです。

釈迦やイエスがそうであったように。

 

 

Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, uncategorized | Tags: , , , | 2 Comments

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2 thoughts on “Chinese historical TV drama“A man of compassion : The Acts of Confucius”

  1. Thank you for this educational post, I did not know these facts. Your words have given me more respect for this great and honourable teacher.

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