Misunderstanding of war 6: Fuhrer Hitler birth 2


 

  ヒトラーとヒンデンブ,Fuhrer Hitler and President Hindenburg

< Fuhrer Hitler and President Hindenburg >

Those days, what kind of feeling have the German people borne?

Germany had a once glory of the Holy Roman Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. However, Germany was not a powerful unit, rather was like small nations bloc. In the republic age, this induced military confrontation of small countries in domestic.

Germans had emigrated the East Europe for many years. Depending on the ethnic self-determination in the East, the peoples became difficult to life. This makes them demand the return to Germany (annexation of East Europe).

There was two more fear. Communist revolutions had occurred frequently in the East. Under the influence of racial self-determination、the Jews return from an East Europe increased.And the capitalists of Judea were regarded as the exploiting persons and it was considered that they were the ringleaders of economic deterioration.

In presence of many small parties, the political power was unable to decide anything, and the prime minister changed in about one year. Then, the political situation inclined in the conservative government by the military authorities and the old regime side.

In such situation, the only effective solution was shown, it aimed a military strong country, and had the purpose of territory recapture, anticommunist, and anti-Semitic.

 

 

 

ドイツ国民が当時、抱いていた感情とはなにか

ドイツには神聖ローマ帝国とプロイセン王国のかつての栄光があった。しかしドイツは強力な統一体ではなく小国連合であった。これが共和国時代、国内の邦国同士の軍事対立を生んだ。

また古くからドイツ人は東方に移民しており、当時の民族自決によって生きずらくなっていた。このことが彼らにドイツへの復帰を要望させるようになった(東欧併合)。

さらに二つ恐怖があった。東方で共産主義革命が頻発していた。民族問題の影響で東方から逆流するユダヤ人が増えた。またユダヤの資本家達は搾取者と見られ、経済悪化の元凶と見なされていた。

政局は小党乱立の中で、決められない政権となり、首相はほぼ1年で交代する状況が続いた。すると旧体制側と軍部が暗躍し保守政権に傾斜していくようになった。

こうした中、領地奪還、反共産、反ユダヤを目標に、軍事強国による一挙解決が提示された。

 

突撃隊, Storm troops 

< Storm troops http://researchlist.blogspot.jp/2011/08/pictures-from-reich-4.html >

Hitler appeared. 

Hitler fought as a soldier of Bayern, Germany, during World War I. After the end of the war, he aimed at the politician in the Bayern of the fresh communist regime. In one year After、This regime was overthrown by the central government and the Bayern right wing (nationalist). In this political change, Hitler becomes a standout in Nazis (National Socialist German Workers’ Party). Bayern become the greatest right-wing government that opposes a central government (socialist regime) and two communist regimes in Germany. 

Bayern was eager for the military power subjugation to the central government. In 1923, he caused the abortive coup attempt and was arrested in Munich.

Although the executives caused this failure, he did not evade responsibility, and declared that he stood for the sake of Germany. By the humble attitude filled to patriotism, he became famous nationally suddenly.

The rapid economic deterioration by the Great Depression soon advanced the Nazis to the leading party. One of the big reasons is because the conservative class that fears a communist revolution turned to Nazis assistance. In this year, The Diet Building arson case occurred, and the communist party lawmaker were arrested. They performed the constitutional amendment and one-party dictatorship completed. The Nazis governed the parliament in about five years.

Then, the Third Reich that was led by Hitler started World War II.

 

 

ヒトラーは第一次世界大戦中、ドイツのバイエルンの兵隊として戦った。終戦後、出来たての共産政権のバイエルンで政治家を目指した。この政権は中央政府とバイエルン右翼(国粋主義)によって一年後に転覆させられた。この政変の中で,ヒトラーはナチス(国家社会主義ドイツ労働者党)で頭角を現すことになる。バイエルンは中央の社会主義政権と二つの共産政権に対抗する最大の右翼政権となる。

バイエルンは中央政府への武力討伐に沸き立っていた。1923年、彼はミュンヘンでクーデター未遂事件を起こし、逮捕された。この失敗は最高幹部が原因であったが、彼は責任逃れをせず、ドイツの為に立ち上がったと宣言した。その謙虚で愛国心に満ちた態度により、彼は一躍全国的に有名になった。

世界恐慌による急激な経済悪化は、やがてナチス党を第1党に躍進させた。その大きな理由の一つは、共産革命を恐れる保守層がナチス援助に回ったことによる。この年に国会議事堂放火事件が起き、共産議員が逮捕された。彼らは憲法改正を行い一党独裁が完成した。ナチスは約5年間で国会を支配した。

この後、ヒトラー率いる第三帝国はヨーロッパから世界へと第二次世界大戦に巻き込むことになる。

 

声援を送る人々,The citizen excited by Hitler 
< The citizen excited by Hitler >
What was Hitler’s role?

His greatest arms were speeches that charm the public. He absorbed public anxiety and made the enemy charged with the cause. He made a sense of togetherness from people’s hatred, and pitted them against big target. He made the tissue expansion successful by his speech and his behavior. Furthermore, by means of the trickery and violence、became the top of the organization.

It was the power which was asked for him of having made all confusion ceasing and making it moving forward toward a glory by state power.

Things that the people required Hitler were a huge power that made to cease all confusion and directed the people toward a glory. He was supported the conservative class, the military authorities, and the excited people. This was a phenomenon that may happen among the world anywhere.

 
彼の最大の武器は大衆を虜にする演説であった。彼は国民の不安を先取りし、作り上げた敵に総べての悪因を背負わせた。彼は憎悪で一体感を盛り上げ、国民を目標に立ち向かわせた。彼は演説と振る舞いで組織拡大を成功させた。さらに彼は暴力と盟主への取り入りでトップになった。

 ヒトラーが求められたものは、あらゆる混乱を終息させ、栄光に向かって前進させる巨大な力だった。それを支えたの保守体制、軍部、熱狂した国民であった。これは世界中どこにでも起こりうる現象だった。

 

 

 

 

 

Categories: history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, opinion, Series: misunderstanding of war | Tags: , , | 2 Comments

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2 thoughts on “Misunderstanding of war 6: Fuhrer Hitler birth 2

  1. History of the Ancient World

    I just finished reading a books of Joseph Goebbels (written by Roger Manvell & Heinrich Fraenkel) and Heinrich Himmler (written by Heather Pringle). Both books were very interesting. Now i’m reading a book of Eva Braun (written by Heike B. Görtemaker. Good night my friend & have a good day tomorrow!

  2. Thanks you for commenting my blog. By the way, please tell me. although you have liked ancient history, why are you reading the Hitler-related book now? Do you know whether German people worsen feeling with my report?

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