Card throwing and Higgs boson


 Card throwing

This year, the Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to the prophet of the “Higgs boson”.

Existence of this particle was confirmed in the huge underground experiment place in the Geneva suburbs this year.

About this importance, I write down my impression.

 

今年、ノーベル物理学賞は「ヒッグス粒子」の提唱者に与えられました。

この粒子の存在は、今年、ジュネーブ郊外の巨大な地下実験所で確認された。

この重要性について、私の感想を記します。

 

 the detector of European Laboratory for Particle Physics(CERN)

 the detector of European Laboratory for Particle Physics(CERN), two persons at the lower left >

 

When young, I had a certain question.

When throwing a card, if we let the snap of a wrist and rotated it, it will often fly to a distance.

If it is not rotated, it will fall immediately.

This is because the inertia energy increases by the rotation and it becomes difficult to slow down to air resistance.

This is the same reason as a spinning top that was rotated becomes difficult to fall over.

However, I didn’t quite get it.

 

The substance of our universe

Now, human beings can explain a motion of Galaxy or planets within our universe of radius of 13,700 million light-years by gravity.

However, the gravity isn’t transmitted in a trice but only transmitted at the velocity of light.

This is mysterious again.

It seems that it is filled with something even if the universe is a vacuum.

 

 

若い頃、私にはある疑問がありました。

トランプカードを投げる時、手首のスナップを効かせて回転させると遠くまでよく飛びます。

回転させないと、ふらふらとすぐ落ちてしまいます。

これは回転により慣性エネルギーが増え、空気抵抗に対して減速し難くなるからです。

回転させたコマが倒れ難くなるのと同じ理由です。

しかし、釈然としませんでした。

 

宇宙の中身

現在、人類は半径137億光年(実は400億光年)の宇宙内の銀河や星の動きを重力で説明することが出来ます。

しかし重力は、瞬時ではなく光速でしか伝わりません。

これまた厄介です。

宇宙空間は真空であっても、何かで満ちているようで、中世からこの考えはありました。

 

 Higgs boson produces inertial mass

< Higgs boson produces inertial mass. >

 

The appearance of Higgs boson

In 1964, “Higgs boson” was propounded as what is able to give inertia mass to the material of our universe.

In order to prove it, many scholars have experimented with the particle accelerator of a round of 27 km for a few decades.

And at last it was confirmed.

 

What this discovery means.

When a card was rotated, Higgs boson that had stuck to it operated on it and the inertia mass was increasing.

An understanding to the universe and inertial mass took a step forward.

However, the gravity is not explained yet.

 

ヒッグス粒子の登場

1964年、宇宙の物質に質量を与えるものとして「ヒッグス粒子」が提唱されました。

それを証明する為に、多くの学者が一周27kmの粒子加速器で数十年も実験を行って来たのです。

そしてやっと確認されたのです。

 

この発見が意味するもの

回転させると、カードにヒッグス粒子が纏わり付き、慣性が増大していたのです。

宇宙、慣性質量への理解が一歩前進しました。

しかし重力をまだ説明することが出来ないそうです。   

 

 History of the Universe 

< History of the Universe >

 

When was this Higgs boson born?

The universe was born by Big Bang 13,700 million years ago from a void spot, and the particles were also born.

By the subsequent rapid expansion, Higgs boson were filled in the universe within a much shorter than 0.0000001 seconds.

And the particles came to have inertial mass except light.

In this way, the substance of the universes came to have the form and the movement, and then became stable.

 

What is great?

We, human beings are able to reason till a maximum space of 40 billion light years or a minimum world of much smaller than 1/100,000,000 mm, and at 13,700 million years ago.

Then we are able to prove it in the experiment.

Human beings evolved from the life that had arisen 4 billion years ago at a planet of this universe.

And we accomplished it by accumulation of the knowledge for approximately 3,000 years at most.

However it seems to be difficult to get peace and tranquility.

 

 

このヒッグス粒子は何時生まれたのか?

137億年前、何も無いところから宇宙がビッグバンで誕生し、粒子も誕生した。

その後の急速膨張で、0.00・・01秒以内に、ヒッグス粒子が宇宙に満ち、光以外は質量を持つようになった。

こうして私達宇宙の物質は、形と運動を持つ安定したものとなったのです。

 

何が凄いのか

我々人類は、最大半径400億光年の空間、最小1億の10万分の1mm以下の世界、さらに137億年前の過去まで推論し、それを実験で証明することが出来たのです。

人類は、この宇宙の一点で、40億年前に生じた生命から進化し、高々3千年ほどの知識の蓄積によって、これを成し遂げたのです。

その割には、平和や安寧を得ることは難しいようですが。

 

 

 

 

Categories: <english language, <japanese language, science | Tags: , | 2 Comments

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2 thoughts on “Card throwing and Higgs boson

  1. Altough I don’t know anything about physics, the CERN research fascinates me. I also heard about the Nobel prize. I believe it went to three people who together predicted the Higgs boson and one of them was a Belgian. I feel proud! It is not often that my country is in the news with things like that.

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