Go around the world of Buddha statues 7: Various Buddha statues in Japan


 

I introduce the Deva(Tenbu) following the last time.

The Deva encompasses variety from gentle man to beautiful woman, or wild beast.    

前回に続いて天部の仏像を紹介します。

優しいものから、美女や野獣まであります。

 

Asyra

Asyra derives from Devil Asura of ancient India and was born shackled to continued battle and to losing.

However, after it took refuge in the Buddha, it was added to eight-guardian Gods “Tenryu-Hachibusyu” that consist of demon, dragon, and bird.

 

 

阿修羅

阿修羅は古代インドの魔神アスラが起源で、戦闘を繰り返し、負け続ける宿命を背負っていました。

しかし仏教に帰依した後、鬼、龍、鳥などの守護神からなる天龍八部衆に加えられた。

Asyra: Kofuku-ji, Nara, Nara period, the 8th century, lacquer work, H.150cm, national treasure  

Asyra: Kofuku-ji, Nara, Nara period, the 8th century, lacquer work, H.150cm, national treasure  

< Asyra: Kofuku-ji, Nara, Nara period, the 8th century, lacquer work, H.150cm, national treasure  >

This Asyra has not an aspect of the rage of living in the world of conflict, rather has an aspect of innocent boy.

The front face includes a little sorrow in gallant aspect, and the other faces look anxiety and anger slightly.

The sculpture arts not only absorbed the foreign culture but also came to express the delicate mentality.

In this period, Japanese government transformed to a huge capital city, and aimed at the protection of the nation by Buddhism.

Receiving the stimulus of Tang culture, Japanese Buddhist art was florescent with new breath of this period.

 

この阿修羅像には、闘争の世界に生きる憤怒の形相はなく、あどけない少年の風情がある。

正面の顔は凛々しさの中に憂いを含み、左右の顔にはやや怒りと苦渋の表情が見られる。

渡来文化の受容から、微妙な心理の動きを表現するに至った。

この時代、日本は巨大な平城宮に遷都し、仏教による鎮護国家を目指し、20年後には東大寺大仏建立を行った。

この時代の息吹の中で、遣唐使による唐文化の刺激を受けながら、日本の仏教美術が開花した。

 

 Asyra: Sanjyusangen-do, Kyoto, Kamakura period, the 13th century, wood 

< Asyra: Sanjyusangen-do, Kyoto, Kamakura period, the 13th century, wood >

Is the aspect of this Asyra a threat of the guardian God, or a rage of living in Asyra way (a world of conflict)?

With the same Asyra images, these interpretations very varied.

In fact, it seems that sculptor of it was a group of sculptor specializing in Buddha statues that the eldest son of Unkei led.

 

この阿修羅の形相は、守護神としての威嚇か、修羅道に生きる憤怒か?

同じ阿修羅像でも、これだけ解釈が異なっている。

実は、これを制作したのは運慶の長男が率いる慶派仏師らしい。

 

Karura、a rishi( sennin): Sanjyusangen-do   

< Karura、a rishi( sennin): Sanjyusangen-do >

These two bodies stand in one line together with the above Asyra in the temple.

The left image derives from Garuda of ancient Indian Gods, and is one of the Tennryu-Hachibusyu.

The right image expresses an old person with thorough realism and the movement.

These 28 statues proclaimed its individuality each other, and will express the Buddhism world as a whole.

These were filled with new realism and strength, and it seemed to announce a beginning of samurai government.

 

この二体は上記の阿修羅と一緒に堂内に並んでいる。

左像は古代インドの聖鳥ガルーダに由来し、天龍八部衆の一つです。

右像は老境を動きのある徹底したリアリズムで表現しています。

これら二十八体の像は、それぞれに個性を極め、全体として仏教世界を表現しています。

これらには武家統治の始まりを告げる、新しい写実性と力強さがみなぎっています。

 

Thousand Armed Kannon(Avalokiteshwara) and the 28 gods in the front row: Sanjyusangen-do 

< Thousand Armed Kannon(Avalokiteshwara) and the 28 gods in the front row: Sanjyusangen-do >

A thousand statues of gold colored Avalokiteshwara that are side-by-side is overwhelming.

Each statue of this Kannon has overhead 11 heads and 40 hands, and then the faces differ little by little.

 

金箔が貼られた千体の千手観音が並ぶ姿は圧巻です。

この観音の各像は、頭上に十一の顔、両脇に四十の手を持ち、顔も少しずつ異なります。

 

Kisshoten

吉祥天

 Kisshoten:  Joruri-ji, Kyoto, Kamakura period, the 13th century, wood, H.90cm

< Kisshoten:  Joruri-ji, Kyoto, Kamakura period, the 13th century, wood, H.90cm >

Although the distinction of man and woman is not clear for Nyorai and Bosatu(Bodhisattva) of representative Buddha statue, there are many gorgeous women in Deva(Tenbu).

Kisshoten is one of them, originated in Goddess Lakshmi of ancient India, and meant happiness and prosperity. 

代表的な仏像である如来や菩薩には男女の区別が明確ではないのですが、天部には幾多の美女がいます。

吉祥天はその一つで、古代インドの女神ラクシュミーに由来し、幸福と繁栄を意味していた。

 

Taisyakuten

帝釈天

Taisyakuten: Tou-ji, Kyoto, Heian period, the 9th centry, seating H.1.1m, wood, national treasure 

< Taisyakuten: Tou-ji, Kyoto, Heian period, the 9th centry, seating H.1.1m, wood, national treasure >

Taisyakuten originated in Indra of ancient India, and Indra that was battle God was most important God.

In this sense, it would be considered to be most suitable God to protect Buddha.

 

帝釈天は古代インドのインドラに由来するのですが、戦闘神であるインドラは最重要な神でした。

その意味で、釈迦を守護するには最適な神と見なされたのでしょう。

 

 

 

 

Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, Series: Go around the world of Buddha statues, travel+photo | Tags: , , , , | 4 Comments

Post navigation

4 thoughts on “Go around the world of Buddha statues 7: Various Buddha statues in Japan

  1. Asura (Demons) refers to the race (group of people) who were in direct opposition to Sura (Gods) and continuous raging a war against them. Indra is the king of Sura (Gods) and the elephant he rides on is called Airavat.

    Garuda is the king of birds, and also the official mode of transportation for Vishnu (the Godhead, care-taker of the planet earth). Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity is wife of Vishnu.

    • Thank you! Yes, Asura continued fighting against Indra. I didn’t know “ The elephant is called Airavat, and Garuda is a transportation for Vishnu.”

      • The trinity of Gods (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva) generally offered bounties to both Sura (minor Gods) and Asura (Demons) – who-so-ever prayed to them. Asura (demons) were good in undertaking extremely tough physical tests to please the gods (specially Shiva) and seek magical powers to be use against gods and humans. The teacher of Asura was Shukracharya, the grandson of Brahma. Sura (gods) were kind towards humans and were able to nullify the magical powers of Asura (demons) with their clever tactics. In Hindu mythologies the Asura (demons) are portrayed as those who lost their mind after gaining extreme power thus ending up becoming the villains who were ultimately defeated by the clever gods with the help of Vishnu through his various avatars (like Rama, Krishna, etc.)

      • Thank you for teaching me. Asura was a devil that was defeated by great God, but, because Asura had extreme powers, Asura was incorporated in a guardian deity of Buddhism.
        Therefore Asura would be expressed as the devil that was superior in brute strength or was weak.
        I think so.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.

Crafting Zone

Untuk bisa bertahan di dunia yang penuh dengan persaingan, menjadi kreatif adalah salah satu pilihan. So be creative yourself

ベルリンスタイル

ベルリン在住21年の筆者が、育児や仕事についてあれこれ書いています。

cocinaitaly

comida italiana

wanderlustplusone

Blog about the fun of travelling with children to weird and wonderful places across the world.

Musings of PuppyDoc

Poetry Behind a White Coat

Aotea Media

Photography | Promotion | Social Media | Creative Concepts | Graphic Design | Marketing | Video production | Video Marketing

Cradle of Joy

Food, Reviews and much more

Azzalea Arsyidna

Jika Kau Sedih Tersenyumlah dan Jika Kau Bahagia Tertawalah "AISHI-B217AN"

太郎

政治 風景 映画 芸能 有名人 ニュース 健康 医療 文化 放射能 中高年

Life in Minutes

Living in the moment

Indian e Tourist Visa

e tourist visa for India, ETV India, Urgent Tourist Visa for India, Visa online, e-Tourist Visa process

%d bloggers like this: