History of sickness and medical art 24: India 4


Buddha

< 1. Buddha >

 

How did Buddha who participated actively around the 6th century B.C. face the illness?

We will see new breath in it.

 

紀元前6世紀頃に活躍した釈迦は病とどのように向きあったのか?

そこには新しい息吹が見える。

 

About Buddha of the day

Brahmanism that was mainstream of the day was mainly role to provide offering and ceremony for God.

Buddha who wanted new path to the salvation preached the teachings along with doing communal living with many pupils and traveling over villages.

This priest group involved the participation of all classes, man andwoman.

They didn’t work, accepted charity, didn’t have goods, and lived equal and simple life.

Acceding to the rule that Buddha decided was a single condition that the members can belong to the group.

During several hundred years, the pupils had carried on the tradition of these rules, and then these became the Scripture being calling Vinaya-Pitaka.

 

 

当時の釈迦について

当時、主流であったバラモン教は神への帰依-供物と儀式―が中心であった。

新しい救い求めた釈迦は、多くの弟子と共に集団生活をしながら村々を巡り、教えを説いた。

この出家者集団は、あらゆる階層、男女が参加し、働かず、乞食(こつじき)し、財を持たない質素で平等の生活を行った。

釈迦が決めた規則を守ることが、集団に帰属出来る唯一の条件だった。

この規則が、弟子達に数百年の間、口頭伝承され、教典となったのが律蔵です。

 

Turmeric: medicines and curry powder 

< 2.  Turmeric: medicines and curry powder >

 

From Vinaya-Pitaka, below are an extract and a summary.

 

“A priest suffered from a sickness. Everybody nursed him, but he didn’t recover. He went to a slaughterhouse of pig, and ate the uncooked meat and drank the blood. His disease thereby recovered. Buddha said, “ I forgive the sick person for eating uncooked the meat and drinking the blood.””

 

“ I allow use of roots-root of turmeric, ginger, and iris, etc.- as medicines. Although these are appetizing and add a flavor, healthy person must not eat it. You will commit a crime, if you eat them though these are not necessary.”

 

“ Ananda, because I am out of condition, I want to drink a purgative. Ananda consulted Jivaka. The doctor ordered Ananda that he must paint fats the body of Buddha for a few days, and then the doctor gave him a light purgative. The doctor said to Buddha that you should refrain from liquid meal until you completely recovered. And Buddha recovered.”

 

Buddha knew the medical art of the time, and applied it actively.

He hadn’t the idea of the sickness that was caused by the violation of taboo or the punishment by God.

In addition, he was a friend with skilled physician Jivaka.

 

 

律蔵から当時の様子が覗える。抜粋・要約です。

 

「ある出家者は非人病を患った。色々、皆が彼を看病したけれども直らなかった。彼は豚の屠殺場に往き、生肉を食べ、血を飲んだ。それによって彼の病気は和らいだ。釈迦は言った、『私は、非人の病気には、生肉やその血の食用を許す』」

 

「私は医薬として根類(ウコン、生姜、菖蒲の根等)の使用を許す。これらは食欲をそそり風味を添えるが、それを健康な者が食べてはならない。もし必要もないのに食べるなら罪を犯すことになる。」

 

「アーナンダーよ、私は不調なので下剤を飲みたい。アーナンダーは、ジーヴァカに相談した。その医者は釈迦の体に数日間脂肪を塗りなさいと指示し、軽い下剤を与えた。医者は釈迦に、完全に回復するまで、流動食を控えた方が良いと言った。そして回復した。」

 

釈迦は、当時の進んだ医術を知っており、積極的に取り入れた。

彼には、病はタブー違反や神罰によると言う観念はなかった。

また名医ジーヴァカと親交があったことがわかる。

 

Turmeric: medicines and curry powder 

<  3.  Map >

 

 Taxila ruins, after the 6th century B.C.

< 4.  Taxila ruins, after the 6th century B.C. >

    

About legendary doctor Jivaka.

He was a skilled physician that participated actively in the capital of Magadha country, cured the king and was also Buddha’s court physician.

Although he was of low birth, he become a pupil of a doctor in Taxila, learned the medical art of Caraka samhita, and then he went back.

Why did he go to the far-off Gandharan capital?

At the time, Gandhara in the northwest was under the influence of the Persia civilization.

On the other hand, he probably thought that learning of new medical art was difficult in Magadha country where Brahmanism’s ideology had permeated in.  

 

 

伝説の医者ジーヴァカについて

彼はマガタ国の首都で活躍した名医で、王の治療にもあたり、釈迦の侍医でもあった。

彼の出自は低かったが、タキシラの医師に弟子入りし、チャラカ・サンヒター医学を学んで帰国した。

彼はなぜ遠いガンダーラの首都に行ったのか。

当時、西北にあるガンダーラはペルシャ文明の影響下にあった。

一方、バラモンのイデオロギーが浸透しているマガタ国では、新しい医術の修得は困難だと彼は考えたのだろう。

 

 

Categories: history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, science, Series: History of sickness and medical art | Tags: , , | Leave a comment

Post navigation

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at WordPress.com.

wanderlustplusone

Blog about the fun of travelling with children to weird and wonderful places across the world.

Musings of PuppyDoc

Poetry Behind a White Coat

Aotea Media

Photography | Promotion | Social Media | Creative Concepts | Graphic Design | Marketing | Video production | Video Marketing

Cradle of Joy

Food, Reviews and much more

Azzalea Arsyidna

Jika Kau Sedih Tersenyumlah dan Jika Kau Bahagia Tertawalah "AISHI-B217AN"

太郎

政治 風景 映画 芸能 有名人 ニュース 健康 医療 文化 放射能 中高年

Life in Minutes

Living in the moment

Indian e Tourist Visa

e tourist visa for India, ETV India, Urgent Tourist Visa for India, Visa online, e-Tourist Visa process

createdbymeggan

Writings - Crafts -Photography - Party Planning and more...

go_be_adventurous

let's capture life.

Motivations & LifeStyle Cave

motivational, Godly writer&Lifestyle Blog

inte fan gör det det

Alla säger:det ordnar sig....inte fan gör det det..

%d bloggers like this: