Go around the world of Buddha statues 16: the birth of Buddha statues 3

 .  head of a Buddha, 2nd century, Mathura

< 1. head of a Buddha, 2nd century, Mathura >


We have previously looked at Buddha statues that began in Gandhara of Pakistan.

From this issue, we look at Buddha statues that began in Mathura of the inland regions of India.


The Buddha statues that were born in these two places varied in some expression while having the same religious meaning.

There were a fusion of religion and culture, and impulses originating in foreign culture.

Through the artistic expression of the Buddha statue, I investigate the relation of symbol, religion, and culture.









seated Buddha Triad, 2nd century, Ahicchatra 

< 2. seated Buddha Triad, 2nd century, Ahicchatra >




Buddha statue of Mathura

The head of figure 1 is a round face and has thick lip than the heads of Buddha in Gandhara, and is tonsured and rolls up long remainder hair.

The heads of Buddha in Gandhara bundle up rich rippling hair.

The Mathura statues used red sandstone and the Gandhara statues used black schist.

The Buddha statue of figure 2 has the oldest form of Mathura unlike Gandhara.

It are features that the head that I mentioned above, the thin clothes that hung only on unilateral shoulder, and the homely expression giving you a sense of vitality.

Although there was also the seated Buddha Triads in Gandhara, this triad is not known whether two attendant statues of the right and the left are Deva (Indra, Brahma) or Bodhisattva.

The left statue has a Vajra( beetle) that Indra should have, but wears a scarf and a short breechcloth.

Therefore it is subject to the influence of western Gandhara.












standing Buddha, 2nd century, Mathura

< 3. standing Buddha, 2nd century, Mathura >


The expression of the swelling of clothes at the statue’s neck and the hanging the clothes on the both shoulders is the same as Gandhara.

At a later time, Gupta Empire reaching prosperity of Buddhist art inherits the expression of U-shaped pleats of the cloth that hung down from the front.





head of a Bodhisattva, 2nd century, Mathura

< 4. head of a Bodhisattva, 2nd century, Mathura >


 seated Buddha, 3rd century, Saheth-Maheth

< 5. seated Buddha, 3rd century, Saheth-Maheth >

The head hair of this statue becomes a lot of small and spiral hair and the cross-legged pose lacks total balance because the legs are short.

With the decline of Kushan Empire, the stylization might have advanced.





The feature of Mathura Buddha statue

The Gandhara Buddha statue meditates, but the early Mathura Buddha statue opens the eyes.

Gandhara Buddha statue has sloping shoulders, but Mathura Buddha statue has square shoulders, therefore it is healthy image.

Most of seated Buddha statues in Gandhara link the both hands, but most of things in Mathura raise the right hand and turn the palm of the hand at the front.

This is a meaning that removes people’s fear and uneasiness.


Next time, I look at why Buddha statue was born in Mathura.












Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, Series: Go around the world of Buddha statues | Tags: , , , | 1 Comment

Post navigation

One thought on “Go around the world of Buddha statues 16: the birth of Buddha statues 3

  1. Reblogged this on @シャララネット ,Shalala net / @ラスカル39号 @矢萩 Senkou仙孝 join tracking records. and commented:
    I favorite this. 私,お気に入り.
    #like #post #wordpress
    / @シャララネット @ラスカル39号 @矢萩 Senkou.仙孝 Join Tracking records.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at WordPress.com.


Blog about the fun of travelling with children to weird and wonderful places across the world.

Musings of PuppyDoc

Poetry Behind a White Coat

Aotea Media

Photography | Promotion | Social Media | Creative Concepts | Graphic Design | Marketing | Video production | Video Marketing

Cradle of Joy

Food, Reviews and much more

Azzalea Arsyidna

Jika Kau Sedih Tersenyumlah dan Jika Kau Bahagia Tertawalah "AISHI-B217AN"


政治 風景 映画 芸能 有名人 ニュース 健康 医療 文化 放射能 中高年

Life in Minutes

Living in the moment

Indian e Tourist Visa

e tourist visa for India, ETV India, Urgent Tourist Visa for India, Visa online, e-Tourist Visa process


Writings - Crafts -Photography - Party Planning and more...


let's capture life.

Motivations & LifeStyle Cave

motivational, Godly writer&Lifestyle Blog

inte fan gör det det

Alla säger:det ordnar sig....inte fan gör det det..

%d bloggers like this: