Traveling to Spain and Portugal 9: Old city of Toledo, Spain, on the trip 4th day, October15


This town has spread out to the riverbank from Alcazar (imperial castle) on top of the hill.

< 1. This town has spread out to the riverbank from Alcazar (imperial castle) on top of the hill. photo from B >

 

Today, I introduce this old city that is unique and most beautifully in Spain.

This fortress city consists of a steep mountain protected by a bending canyon.

Here was a superb view that was created by the blue sky and blue River, brown buildings of stone bond, and green groves.

I introduce the full view and the circumference today.

 

今日は、スペインで最も美しく他に類を見ない古都を紹介します。

この城砦都市は深い河谷に守られた険しい山からなっています。

そこには青い空と川面、褐色の石積み、緑の木立が綾なす絶景がありました。

今日は、全景と外周を紹介します。

 

 Map of Toledo

< 2. Map of Toledo >

Upper part of Map is the north.

The alphabets show the photography point, and two arrows show the direction of locomotion.

The following photographs are arranged from A to D in order of my photography.

 

地図上部が北です。

アルファベットは撮影ポイント、矢印は移動方向を示します。

以下の写真はAからDまで、撮影した順序に並べられています。

 

Puente de Alcantara (bridge) is viewed in 2nd from front.

< 3. Puente de Alcantara (bridge) is viewed in 2nd from front. Photo from A >

 

Certain Roman built this bridge in 102 A.D., and wrote ” my building bridge will remain for many centuries“ on the surface.

 

ローマ人が紀元102年にこの橋を建設し、「私が造ったこの橋は、何世紀も残るだろう」と刻んでいる。

 

A Full view of Toledo (panorama)

< 4. A Full view of Toledo (panorama). Photo from B >

 

Rio Tajo (river) flows from the right to the left.

The left is the west direction.

 

タホ川は右から左に流れる。

左が西方向です。

 

Toledo

< 5. Toledo. Photo from B. >

 

There are Cathedral that has a spire in the center on top of the hill, Alcazar that is a big building in the right side, and Iglesia de Santo Tome (church) that has a small tower that is the same distance away from Cathedral to the left side (left end of photo).

The cathedral is top seat of Spain Cathedra now.

Alcazar collapsed once by the civil war that Franco (dictator) brought on in 1936.

El Greco’s picture “The Burial of the Count of Orgaz ” is in this church.

 

丘上部、中央の尖塔がカテドラル、右にアルカサル、左に同距離(写真左端)の小さな塔がサント・トメ教会です。

カテドラルは現在もスペイン・カトリックの首座大司教座です。

アルカサルは1936年のフランコ(独裁者)蜂起による内戦で、一度瓦解した。

この教会にエル・グレコの絵「オルガス伯の埋葬」がある。

 

Neighborhood of San Martin Bridge

< 6. Neighborhood of San Martin Bridge. Photo from C >

 

San Martin Bridge and San Juan de Los Reyes church are seen in three all photos.

A bottom photo: Plain field spreads out in the left side of photo (the north side), and the high castle wall blocks it.

 

三枚の写真すべてにサン・マルティン橋と丘の上にサン・ファン・デ・ロス・レイエス教会が見える。

一番下の写真: 写真左側(北方向)に平野が広がり、高い城壁がそれを遮る。

 

 The castle wall and the gate in the north side of Toledo.

< 7. The castle wall and the gate in the north side of Toledo. Photo from D >

 

Plain field in the north side is seen from Diputacion Provincial(congress). 

< 8. Plain field in the north side is seen from Diputacion Provincial(congress). Photo from over D >

Here is the place that we changed some escalators and went up from the lower parking lot.

 

ここは下の駐車場からエスカレータを乗り継いで上り詰めた所です。

 

 

About Toledo

This place is 70 km south from Madrid, and faces wildwater Rio Tajo .

This river is 1120 km in total length, renames its name Rio Tejo, has contact with Lisbon, and flows into the Atlantic.

10,000 people are now living in the area whose width of east and west is 1.4 km and is in hill-like fortress of 70 m high.

During 1800 years until the 16th century, the culture of Rome, Goth, Judea, Islam, and Catholic overlapped and fused here.

This place became the center of Spain from a center of ancient state.

Even after the capital relocation, Toledo was the center of Catholic.

 

Although I saw many towns on hill and the slope in Spain, I was surprised that former capital city had formed by covering such steep mountain.

 

The next time, I introduce the inside of this fortress.

 

 

トレドについて

ここはマドリッドから70km南にあり、急流のタホ川に面している。

この川は全長1120kmで、リスボンに接しテージョ川と名を変え大西洋に注ぐ。

東西1.4km、標高差70mの丘状の城砦内に今も1万人程が暮らしている。

ここは16世紀までの1800年間、ローマ、ゴート、ユダヤ、イスラム、カトリック文化が重なり融合し、古代国家の中心からスペインの中心となった。

遷都後も、カトリックの中心であった。

 

スペインでは丘の斜面や山上に町が多く見かけるが、かつての首都がこのような急峻な山を覆うように出来ているとは驚きです。

 

次回は、この城砦の中を紹介します。

 

 

 

 

Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <japanese language, Series: Traveled to Spain and Portugal, travel+photo | Tags: , , , , | Leave a comment

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