Traveling to Spain and Portugal 19: Ancient city Evora, Portugal, on the 7th day, October 18

スペインとポルトガルを巡る旅 19: 古都エヴォラ、ポルトガル、7日目、10月18日


      Igreja dos Loios( church) and Templo Romano     

< 1. Igreja dos Loios( church) and Templo Romano >

< 1. ロイオス教会とローマ神殿 >


Today, I introduce Evora that was a world heritage and a central place of arts and sciences in Portugal of the Middle Ages.

We went sightseeing on foot in this city that was surrounded with a castle wall in a small hill for one hour from about 17:15.





 we arrived at Evora 

 2. we arrived at Evora >

< 2. エヴォラに到着 >


Upper photo: The steeples of a cathedral are seen in the hilltop.

Central photo: the aqueduct bridge traverses the castle wall and extends to the center.

Lower photo: a castle gate.


上図: 丘の頂上にカテドラルの尖塔が見える。

中央図: 水道橋が城壁を越え、中心部へと伸びている。ほぼ南側を見ている。

下図: 城門の一つ。


 A sightseeing map of Evora, the upper part is the north 

< 3. A sightseeing map of Evora, the upper part is the north >

< 3. エヴォラの観光地図、上方が北。 >


A red line is our walking course, St shows the start point, Re shows the hilltop and we returned on the same course from here.

The sightseeing of admission is not all in this tour.


Introductions of tourist attractions, the number is number of the map.

Red circle 10: a park.

The black thick polygonal line shows a castle wall.

Red circle 9: Igreja de Sao Francisco(church).

Red circle 1: Praca do Giraldo(plaza).

Red circle 2: Se de Evora(cathedral).

Red circle 3: Templo Romano(temple).

Under black circle 2: Rua Vasco da Gama(street).






観光ポイントの紹介, 数字は地図の番号

赤丸10: 公園。


赤丸9: サン・フランシスコ教会。

赤丸1: ジラルド広場。

赤丸2: エヴォラ大聖堂。

赤丸3: ローマ神殿。

黒丸2の下: ヴァスコ・ダ・ガマ通り。


a park and Igreja de Sao Francisco(church)

< 4. a park and Igreja de Sao Francisco(church) >

< 4. 公園とサン・フランシスコ教会 >


Upper photo: The palace in the park was built in the early 16th century.

A star mark near the red circle 10 shows it.

Lower right photo: a statue of Vasco da Gama in the park.

Lower left photo: Igreja de Sao Francisco was built in the 16th century and was currently under restoration.

Here is a meditation room that 5,000 human bones line wall in.


上図: 16世紀初頭に建てられた公園内の宮殿。地図の赤丸10横の星印。

右下図: 公園内のヴァスコ・ダ・ガマ像。

左下図: 16世紀初頭に建てられた修復中のサン・フランシスコ教会。



the north side of Praca do Giraldo 

< 5. the north side of Praca do Giraldo >

< 5. ジラルド広場の北側を臨む >



Here is a central plaza of this town, and the distant front is a church.

On this day, a painting exhibition by children of each country had been held.

The children that wore the ethnic costume of the own country had opened their paintings up the stone pavement.


In 1165, Evora was liberated from Islam power by the attack of soldier Giraldo, and Reconquista of Portugal was nearing an end.

The name of the plaza is the name of this hero.










Praca do Giraldo and a street

< 6. Praca do Giraldo and a street >

< 6. ジラルド広場と通り >


Upper photo: the south side of Praca do Giraldo.

Lower photo: the street toward Praca do Giraldo from below.


上図: ジラルド広場の南側を臨む。

下図: ジラルド広場へと登って来た道。



< 7. people >


Two photos of the top: the children that drew paintings.

I took a picture when they had been going back, and they posed for joy.

Lower photo: The people who rest at Praca do Giraldo.


上2枚の図: 絵を描いた子供達。


下図: ジラルド広場で憩う人。


 a street and a souvenir shop 

< 8. a street and a souvenir shop >

< 8. 通りと土産物屋 >


This street is it between red circle 1 and 2 in the above map.

A wallet, a bag, a hat, shoes are made with cork.

This area is famous for a cork.






Se de Evora was built in the 13th-14th century 

< 9. Se de Evora was built in the 13th-14th century >

< 9. 13~14世紀に建てられたエヴォラ大聖堂 >


Right photo: going up the street of photo 8, it can be seen.

It became an archbishop cathedral in the 16th century and played a religiously important role.

Left photo: a view from Templo Romano.

右図: 写真8の通りを上り詰めると見えてくる。


左図: ローマ神殿側から見た。


Igreja dos Loios( church) and Templo Romano

< 10. Igreja dos Loios( church) and Templo Romano >

< 10. ローマ神殿とロイオス教会 >


This temple that was lined with pillars was built in the first century.

The left side is the church.

In it, there is a government-run hotel that redecorated a monastery of the 15th century.





a park in the hilltop

< 11. a park in the hilltop >

< 11. 丘の頂上にある公園 >


Upper photo: the park.

Lower photo: a view of northwest from the park.

An aqueduct bridge is seen in the photo right side end (the north side) subtly.

Probably it seems to have been led from the distant mountain.


上図: 公園。

下図: 公園から北西の方の眺め。



About Evora and Vasco da Gama

Evora had prospered as a center place in southern Portugal from the Roman era, and particularly became an eminent city of arts and sciences, in the Renaissance period and the Age of Discovery.

Vasco da Gama found the seaway that reaches India with circumnavigating the Africa southernmost cape first in the world.


Why are there his statue and his street in this place?

It is related to Portuguese topography and history.


Portugal was divided to the north and south by the many rivers that had flowed into the Atlantic.

As for main rivers from the north, R. Minho flows along the border with Spain, R. Douro flows through Porto, and R. Tejo flows through Lisbon from Toledo.

The Portuguese civilization progressed to north from the south, from the Roman era to the Moorish era (Islam).

However, as Reconquista had begun in the northern part of Iberian Peninsula, Christian went to south sequentially with using these rivers as the separator line.

And Lisbon and Evora were regained, and Reconquista was completed in 1249.

This was earlier than Spain for 200 years.

Portugal achieved a unified state in the 13th century, in 1415, conquered a city on the opposite shore of Straits of Gibraltar and achieved the advance into Africa.

This is said to be the beginning of the Age of Discovery in Europe.

After this, Portugal went sequentially to African western sea in the south, and then they obtained many gold, farm products, and a slave, and accelerated the exploratory voyage.




















In those days, Evora had been the key junctions of trade among the northern part, the southern part and Spain, and Evora near capital city Lisbon became an important place of the arts and sciences.

Vasco da Gama (1460-1524) was born in an port town near Evora, and learned the navigation (the mathematics or the astronomy) in this Evora

In 1497, he was appointed by the king in Evora, and left for the exploratory voyage to India from Lisbon in order to perform direct trade of the pepper.

He succeeded and brought Portugal vast wealth.

For five years between his two voyages, he lived in Evora.


On the other hand, Spanish Columbus had found the American Continent in 1493, but further, the exploratory voyage was necessary for more than half a century until when Spain obtained the wealth.


On the next time, I introduce Lisbon.













Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, Series: Traveled to Spain and Portugal, travel+photo | Tags: , , , , , | 2 Comments

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2 thoughts on “Traveling to Spain and Portugal 19: Ancient city Evora, Portugal, on the 7th day, October 18

  1. wakasahs15th


    • 妻は人物写真を撮るのに反対だったのですが、いざ撮ろうとして彼女らの前に立ちはだかると、喜んで対応してくれました。

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