Traveling to Spain and Portugal 33: Astonishing Basilica de la Sagrada Familia and Barcelona, October 13

スペインとポルトガルを巡る旅 33: 驚愕の聖家族教会とバルセロナ、10月13日


Basilica de la Sagrada Familia and Barcelona

< 1. ??? >

Today, I introduce Basilica de la Sagrada Familia and Barcelona.

Barcelona was the first visit place of our trip.

I was shocked by architect Gaudi’s thought and idea concerning the church.







 Cityscape of Barcelona

< 2. Cityscape of Barcelona >

< 2. バルセロナの街並み >

Upper two photos: Views of the Mediterranean Sea and Basilica de la Sagrada Familia from Montjuic.

Left lower photo:  There is a balcony in the building without exception, and the wall surface is decorated beautifully, and the cityscape is orderly and beautiful.

It stood out everywhere that a flag was hanging on a balcony in hope of Catalonia independence.

Right lower photo: The decoration of a building in the right side of Basilica de la Sagrada Familia is beautiful.


上2枚の写真: モンジュイックの丘から地中海と聖家族教会を臨む。

左下の写真: 建物には例外なくバルコニーがあり、壁面は美しく飾られ、街並みは整然とし美しい。



右下の写真: 聖家族教会の右の建物の装飾が美しい。



Palau de la Musica Catalana. It is a masterpiece of Modernismo. 

< 3.  Palau de la Musica Catalana. It is a masterpiece of Modernismo. >

< 3. カタルーニャ音楽堂、モデルニスモの代表作 >


This building that was completed in 1908 is a world heritage with a masterpiece of Domenech.

It was decorated by the mosaic tile and the sculpture of the floral design, and I feel Islam style in it.





Fetal activity of Barcelona

Modernismo was the art style similar to art nouveau of France, and was prevalent centering around Balcelona in the early 20th century from the end of the 19th century.

In 1898, Spain lost in war with America, and therefore a cultural movement (self-government movement) for the mother country reproduction by the intellectual gained steam.

On the other hand, in Barcelona of the early 20th century, the industrialization developed and it was prosperous.

Artists aimed at the ecdysis from the industrial standardization, in the theme of nature, and created the novel style that assimilated Islam style of Medieval Spain.

This advocate was Domenech mentioned above and Gaudi, and Picasso, Miro and Dali who participated actively at later spent youth in this Barcelona.










Basilica de la Sagrada Familia, The Nativity facade

< 4. Basilica de la Sagrada Familia, The Nativity facade >

< 4. 聖家族教会、生誕のファサード >


The building of this church began in 1882, and Gaudi had charge of the construction from the next year to 1926 of his death.

All construction costs are served by a personal donation and it is under construction at present, and it is scheduled to complete in 2026.






The Nativity facade, it is a theme of Jesus’ birth

 < 5. The Nativity facade, it is a theme of Jesus’ birth >

< 5. 生誕のファサード:イエスの生誕がテーマ >

Upper photo: The upper part of the facade.

Central photo: We can see the coronation of Virgin Mary in the top right corner, and the annunciation in the lower.

Lower photo: In upper part of the entrance, Six angels play a musical instrument.


All these sculpture have movement and three-dimensional form, and a lot of the ornament is used without a gap.

These exceed all facades’ sculptures of various churches of Iberia that I had looked at until now.

However, I thought it was slightly excessively, and have begun to doubt the innovativeness of Gaudi.


上の写真: ファサード上部。

中央の写真: 右上に聖母マリアの戴冠、その下に受胎告知が見える。

下の写真: 入口の直ぐ上で、6人の天使が楽器を演奏している。







 Inside the church 

< 6. Inside the church >

< 6. 教会内部 >


However, when I went in the church by one step, my chest became hot, and a tear fell.

In it, there was an aspect that I did not look at until now.

First, light was overflowing.

It isn’t the bright light or the golden light, and a beam of light illuminating silent darkness.

It made me feel as if man was held in God’s bosom by warm light surely.








The ceiling looked up

< 7. The ceiling looked up >

< 7. 見上げた天井 >


Furthermore, I admired the technical idea of Gaudi.

It was that the pillar such as the tree branching off had supported the ceiling.

First, I felt fear the ceiling fall with broken pillar.

If using ferroconcrete technology of those days, he shouldn’t have to do such adventure.








The Chapel

< 8. The Chapel >

< 8. 礼拝堂 >


The handling of Jesus’ image was novel, but I felt fresh brightness and warmth.





Passion Facade

< 9. Passion Facade. >

< 9. 受難のファサード: イエスの受難がテーマ >

It is just opposite to the Nativity facade.

Thus we began to visit this church at 16:00 and finished it at 16:50.







I looked back on the sightseeing of Spain and Portugal, and I tried to understand the idea of Gaudi.

The church of the Middle Ages started in dusky room, and it progressed to gilded gorgeous decoration, and it utilized the light of the stained glass before long.

However, Gaudi thought that a chapel in that the believers pray and Mass is performed has to be a place wrapped in warm light.

In addition, he thought that the room has to overflow with life and trees.

He created the new church as a pious believer.


On the other hand, after all, there was the culture of Iberia in the undercurrent.

For example, it relates back to the pillar like a palm tree of Monsteiro dos Jeronimos (Lisbon).

It is also the vivid mosaic tile of Park Guell and Palau de la Musica Catalana.

Excess decoration was seen much in church’s facade of Portugal and Spain.


Islam and Christianity fuses, and alternate current through the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic created the various and flexible culture.





















Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, Series: Traveled to Spain and Portugal, travel+photo | Tags: , , , , , | 5 Comments

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5 thoughts on “Traveling to Spain and Portugal 33: Astonishing Basilica de la Sagrada Familia and Barcelona, October 13

  1. こんにちは(*^_^*)

    • 私も驚きました。外観に圧倒された後、その延長線上の装飾かと思っていたのですが、予想を裏切られました。

  2. Very impressive photos.Happy new 2015.

  3. Reblogged this on Joanna's Walkabout.

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