Traveling to Spain and Portugal 36: Genius painter Goya 1

スペインとポルトガルを巡る旅 36: 天才画家ゴヤ 1 


< 1. “ Portrait of Goya” by Vicente Lopez,1826, in Prado Museum >

< 1. 「ゴヤの肖像」ビセンテ・ロペス作、1826年、プラド蔵 >


Today, I introduce a painter being representative of Spain, and a painter being pioneer and agonized also.

I was fascinated by the mystery of Goya having ” brightness and shadows” in the Prado Museum.

I focused on the mystery and genius of Goya, and chose some from his many pictures.








The life of Goya (1746 -1828)

He was born as a child of a plater in a small village near Zaragoza in the Spain northeast and did training for painter in Zaragoza.

In order to make a leap forward, he took an examination for royal school twice, but he was rejected.

He did overseas education in Italy for two years by oneself, became a frescoer after returning home in Zaragoza in 1771, and produced a ceiling picture of Catedral-Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar.

In 1773, He became a painter creating the original pictures of tapestries for royal family in Madrid by the help of the court painter of the same town.

In 1789, he became a court painter of Carlos IV, and then the chief court painter after 10 years.










However, his life reached a turning point.

In 1792, he is affected by a disease and loses his hearing ability.

Napoleon’s army invaded in 1807, Spain fought for the independence until 1814.

Spain recovered the independence, but after that, the reactionary and disquieting politics continued.

Goya drew the series of “black paintings” in the suburbs of Madrid from 1819.

In 1824, he took refuge in France in disgust of oppression against liberalist, and finished his life of 82 after 4 years.












< 2. early works in the royal palace >

< 2.王宮での初期の作品 >

A: “the Parasol”, 1777, in Prado. A tapestry cartoon.

B: “La Nevada”, 1786, in Prado. A tapestry cartoon.

C: “La pradera de San Isidro”, 1788, in Prado. The backdrop of this tapestry cartoon is Madrid.


These tapestry that were produced by cartoons of Goya were displayed in the dining rooms or bedrooms of the royal family, and common people and simple living plenty were drawn.

This might be a liking of the royal family, and he was concerned with common people.

Picture C will be drawn again in the series of ” black paintings” later.


A: 「パラソル」1777年作、プラド蔵。初期のタピストリー原画。

B: 「吹雪(冬)」1786年作、プラド蔵。タピストリー原画。








< 3. pictures in his prime >

< 3.絶頂期の絵  >

D: “ The Clothed Maja”, 1797-1800, in Prado.

E: “ The Nude Maja”, same as above.

F:“Charles Ⅳof Spain and His Family”, 1800-1801, in Prado.


These pictures were things in his prime, but he already lost his hearing ability.

Female nude was limited to picture of a myth in those days, so he was bold.

There were the pictures D and E in the house of a prime minister, and he was tried by the Inquisition after the detection.

Picture F was a picture that Goya drew firstly at when he became the chief court painter.

It is cynical about this family severely.

The arrogant queen is in the center, and King was drawn poorly and was stood aside.

After this, there was never an order from this King.

He wasn’t a brown-noser to power, and El Greco in the 16 century was same also.
















< 4. looking at common people >

< 4. 民衆を見詰めて >

G: “ Yard with Lunatics”, 1794, in Meadows Museum.

H: “ No.39: And so was his grandfather”, 1798, a series of “ Caprichos” being prints by etching.

He satirized a noble (donkey) depending on his family tree.

I: “ No.23: Those specks of dust”, same as above. An aspect of the Inquisition.

J: “No.55: Until death”, same as above. He satirized the queen (?) of picture F.








Goya seemed to really draw the picture G by seeing a mental hospital.

After his hearing ability was lost, he became facing the agony of people deeply.

He published the satiric prints as a painter who introduces his idea from a painter who drew by an order.

He claimed, ” everybody, have a rational mind” in this prints (pictures H,I,J).


On the next time, it is the latter half.










Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, Series: Traveled to Spain and Portugal | Tags: , | 2 Comments

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2 thoughts on “Traveling to Spain and Portugal 36: Genius painter Goya 1

  1. “The Clothed Maja” and “The Nude Maja” really stand out!⭐
    Great gallery!… Best regards, Aquileana😀

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