Capital of Piketty 26: we go beyond globalization 1


ピケティの資本論 26: グローバル化を越えて 1

 

  1

< 1. a Spanish general strike at 2013 >

< 1. 2013年、スペインのゼネスト >

 

Until now, we saw two positions of the middle class that has held the key of a reformation of society.

From now, we look at the consciousness of “globalization” that became the biggest wall.

 

今まで、社会変革の鍵を握る中間層の立場を見てきました。

これからは、最大の障壁「グローバル化」に対する意識を見て行きます。

 

Preface

A problem is not that the world becomes one by globalization.

True problem is to be divided into the person who uses it positively and profits, and other person who keeps in one’s country and is indifferent to the harmful effects.

In this situation, would the problem be solved naturally?

 

Piketty says that global taxation is indispensable for correction of the disparity.

However, when hearing “globalization“, many people may think as affairs of other people and shrink away.

Furthermore, businessmen and economists who have clear sailing under present conditions must have refused promptly the suggestion of Piketty.

The more the suggestion is important, the more they will do so.

 

An important thing is to know the harmful effects and benefits of the globalization, and to ask how we should handle.

 

 

はじめに

問題はグローバル化によって世界が一つになることではありません。

問題は、それを積極的に利用し利益を得る人と、国内に閉じ籠もりその弊害に無関心な人に分かれることにあります。

これで事が済めば良いのですが。

 

ピケティは格差の是正に世界的な課税が不可欠としています。

しかし、多くの人は「世界的な・・・」と言われると、尻込みをするか、よそごとと考えてしまうのではないでしょうか。

まして、現状で順風満帆な実業家やエコノミストは、ピケティの提案を一蹴することでしょう。

その提案が重要であればあるほど・・・。

 

大事なことは、グローバル化による弊害と恩恵を知り、我々が如何に対処すべきかを問うことです。

 

Is globalization evil?

We see some typical evils.

 

Hedge funds being active behind the scenes: A large quantity of speculative funds is scattering around evils all over the world.

Asian Financial Crisis that speculator George Soros brought on is a typical example, as I mentioned to it between the 18th and 20th chapter of this serialization.

By a speculation, it drives the people into a predicament that many prices of necessaries are increased, and a mass unemployment, bankruptcy and reduced welfare occurred by a dropping of the stock prices and currency exchange.

 

Banks that get a huge profit by repeating bubble economy: monetary easing policy produces uneven distribution of immeasurable wealth and the next bankruptcy.

In 2009, the total profit of 20 banks in high rank of Europa and America was approximately 100 billion euros (13,500 billion yen).

Explanatory note 1

That year was at the height of the Global financial crisis, the real economic growth rate of EU became worst (- 4.5%), and the European financial crisis began in the next year.

 

Source of this profit began when the central banks (ECB and FRB) in Europe and America had financed commercial banks 2 trillion euros at ultra-low interest in this financial crisis.

The commercial banks were able to obtain 80% of the mentioned profit depending on they only sublet this fund with an average profit margin 4% at one year.

 

The problem is that overabundant fund is loaned out without an end, and an economic bubble and the collapse begin before long, and what was left over is people suffering from bankruptcy and debt.

Badness of loan sharks becomes a problem, but the tragedy of Southern Europe (Spain and Greece) being borrower defies comparison with it.

This is repeated at bubble burst of every approximately ten years.

 

 

グローバル化は悪か?

いくつかの弊害の代表例を見ておきます。

 

ヘッジファンドなどの暗躍: 大量の投機資金が世界中で弊害を撒き散らしている。

この連載の18~20話で取り上げた、投機家ジョージ・ソロスが起こしたアジア通貨危機が代表例です。

投機による必需品や投機商品の値上がり、逆に株価や為替の暴落による大量失業や倒産、福祉予算の削減などが国民を苦境に追い込みます。

 

バブルで巨大な利益を上げる銀行: 金融緩和策が莫大を富の偏在と次の破産を生む。

2009年、欧米の銀行上位20行の利益は約1000億ユーロ(13.5兆円)だった。注釈1

この年は世界金融危機の真っ最中で、EUの実質経済成長率は最悪の-4.5%になり、翌年には欧州金融危機が始まりました。

 

この利益の源は、金融危機の際に、欧米の中央銀行(ECBとFRB)が超低金利で民間銀行に2兆ユーロ融資したことに始まる。

この資金を平均4%の利ざやで1年間又貸しするだけで民間銀行は上記利益の80%を手に入れることが出来た。

 

問題は、有り余る資金が際限なく貸し出され、やがてバブルと崩壊が始まり、残ったのは破産と借金で苦しむ人々だということです。

町の闇金融の悪質さは問題になるが、借り手の南欧(スペインやギリシャ)の悲劇は、それと比べものにならない。

これがほぼ十年毎のバブル崩壊の度に繰り返されている。

 

 

2

< 2. Multinational enterprise >

< 2. 多国籍企業 >

Upper photo: many multinational enterprises of Europe manufacture products in Bangladesh. 

Lower photo: Multinational enterprise is concerned with the banana cultivation in Philippine.

 

上の写真: 多数の欧州企業がバングラデシュで生産している。

下の写真: 多国籍企業がフィリピンのバナナ栽培に関わっている。

 

Multinational enterprise being active behind the scenes: the enterprise that was supported by major economic power controls many underdeveloped countries, and eats greedily the world.

In 1984, there was a poisonous gas outflow accident in Indian chemical factory of an American company, and several thousand people were dead.

The Indian government was going to indict the managers, but the United States Department of State refused the request for the extradition.

 

It happens a lot that huge multinational enterprise forces various convenient contracts on underdeveloped countries, and tames government functionaries by bribery.

Then, the resources are taken away from the country, the people are worked in inferior environment, and the environmental pollution spreads around the country.

 

多国籍企業の暗躍: 大国を後ろ盾に後進国を牛耳り世界を貪る。

1984年、インドの米国企業の化学工場で有毒ガス流出事故があり、数千人が亡くなった。

インド政府は経営陣を起訴しようとしたが、米国国務省は引き渡し要請を拒んだ。

 

巨大な多国籍企業が後進国に、都合の良い契約を押し付け、政府要人を賄賂で手なずけることはよくある。

そして、その国から資源は奪われ、国民は劣悪な環境で働かされ、国土は環境汚染が蔓延することになる。

 

Summary

Evils of the globalization are countless.

This problem is started from the economy and finance activity of major economic power mainly and indirectly produces even conflict of each place.

Prosperity of weapon industry of major economic power becomes also the result that adds oil to the fire about the conflict.

 

This continues next time.

 

 

まとめ

グローバル化の弊害を挙げるときりがない。

この問題は主に大国の経済と金融活動に端を発しており、それが遠因になって各地の紛争すら生んでいる。

大国の武器産業の隆盛も、紛争に油を注ぐ結果になっている。

 

次回も、この手に負えそうにないグローバル化について見ます。

 

 

注釈1: 2009年の為替レート1ユーロ135/円で計算。

 

 

 

 

 

Categories: culture+society, economy, <english language, <japanese language, politics, series: Capital of Piketty | Tags: , , , , | Leave a comment

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