The society and the information 45: news media has fought 2

社会と情報 45: 戦った報道 2

   1 第一次世界大戦  

< 1. First World War, 1914-1918 >

< 1. 第一次世界大戦、1914~1918年 >


This time, we look at an overview of the final period that journalists braced themselves up.





< 2. the change from Edo Period to Meiji Period >

< 2. 江戸時代から明治時代への変化 >

Upper two photos: the houses along a main road and farmhouse of local at about the end of Edo Period.

Lower two photos: Yokohama landing bridge and Ginza Tokyo in Meiji Period.


上2枚: 江戸時代末期と思われる地方の街道町と農家。

下2枚: 明治時代の横浜桟橋と東京銀座。


What happened during 1910s and 1920s?

The Imperial Diet was initiated, but qualified voter was only 450000 of a wealthy class in the nation due to the limited election.

Veteran statesmen of the Meiji Restoration still held the initiative of the politics, before long, it would be held by the army and navy of two political factions that resulted from them.

This situation led up to political sleaze and gigantic war expenditures.

The government had repeated the huge issuance of the paper currency and a tax increase to serve the huge cost by repeated war.



The development of trade and munitions industry made national power increase, but it caused an unbalance among industries, and a birth of company syndicate.

Farmers and low-income workers became poor because of an accelerated inflation due to an improper financial policy additionally, on the other hand much upstarts were born.

Thus, the gap in income between rich and poor increased remarkably, and the people’s complaint increased.


On the other hand, urbanization advanced, and a livelihood of city inhabitants very improved.

Thus, literary arts and labor movement became popular in the urban area.

However, because the government assumed this movement the principal cause of uprising, the government oppressed it thoroughly, and executed the many leaders in 1916.

In this situation, Taisho democracy that aimed at the enforcement of universal suffrage and the establishment of party politics began from about 1916.


















< 3. this two films describes the harshness of worker at the time  >

< 3.この時代の労働者の過酷さを描いた映画 >



< 4.area of influence by Japan in about 1910 is red parts >

< 4.1910年頃の日本の勢力範囲、赤色部 >


Overseas circumstances

At last, World War I (1914 -1918) happened because of one bullet.

After this, Japan entered a war boom, and easily obtained a Chinese part (a brown part of this map).


Japan already had possessed Taiwan, Korean Peninsula and northeastern China, and had got the foothold toward the continent.

This gave people economical benefit and hope, but made people bear each other a grudge and created an explosive situation.

The abandonment of Liaodong Peninsula due to The Triple Intervention in 1895 made Japan people very angry.

Because the people strongly were eager to get the territory that had been gotten by bloodshed, people became to diminish opposition to continuing war.


On the other hand, revolutions happened in succession in the world, in China of 1912, in Russia of 1917, and in Germany of 1918.

This heightened the motivation of reformation in Japan, but the government that was afraid of it came to aggrandize the oppression.














5 関東大震災

< 5. the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923 >

< 5. 関東大震災、1923年 >


As the result, what happened?

Japan experience some critical moments in succession, rice riots in 1918, the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923, the financial crisis in 1927, and the Great Depression in 1929.

Thus, Japan deepened economic aggravation and political uncertainty.

In this situation, the movement to ask for the democracy gained steam from about 1921.

Newspapers and the press supported this movement, then Universal Manhood Suffrage Act was proclaimed in 1925, and the qualified voters became 12,400,000.


However, the enforcement of the universal Manhood suffrage caused corruption due to plutocracy than establishment of party politics.

Thus, Japan had suffered the great depression and the political corruption, and before long assassination and oppression came to rage.

Japan has come to find a little brightness for overseas invasion.


Turning point of the press was caused by a proclamation of the Public Order and Police Law.

This law had been proclaimed at the same time as the universal Manhood suffrage Act, after that it was extended, and it perfectly suppressed the press and newspapers.

Thus, the newspapers finished the activity of half a century since the Meiji period, and the revival had to wait for our defeat in war.


This continues next time.





























Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, politics, Series: The society and the information | Tags: , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Post navigation

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Create a free website or blog at

Yellingrosa's Weblog

Poetry, Visual Arts, Music and IT Tech


国際別居婚 London-Japan

Sai Raj Krishna

Because, every moment of life is a story worth living and sharing!! 😊

Manić Teodora

Jer ono u šta ljudi poveruju, to će vremenom i postati.❤ Because in what people belive, that's who they will become as the time passes by. ❤


End The Cycle Of Negativity

Growing Pains

This girl still has a lot of growing to do

Inside That Japanese Book

Learning japanese, reading in japanese and taking notes


notes from a Swedish amateur photographer


Lo que uno desecha otro lo aprovecha

Travelling around the world

Traveller, photography


We learn the most interesting and exciting things in the whole world especially for you

Having a ball in Japan

Football as the catalyst to travel Japan


Ein Tagebuch unserer Alltagsküche-Leicht nachkochbar

Elli in Japan

Working Holiday in Japan

%d bloggers like this: