Bring peace to the Middle East! 4:   Outline of conflicts in the Middle East


中東に平和を! 4: 中東の紛争のあらまし 1

 

    1

< 1. ISIL=Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant  >

< 1. ISIL=イスラム国 >

 

We look at the outline of conflicts in the Middle East

中東の紛争の概要を見ます。

 

 2 シリア軍の空爆

< 2. Air strike of the Syrian Army >

< 2. シリア軍の空爆 >

 

Tracing the history of the conflicts

Now, our prime concern seems to be a cruel armed group ISIL, and frequent terrorism.

 

The rise of ISIL was started from a civil war of Syria in 2011.

This is due to that Syrian royal family that severely oppressed the domestic democratization intensified the armed struggle.

Furthermore, it was due to the democratization “The Arab Spring” that started in 2010, and the Iraqi War that continued from 2003 to 2011.

 

When this democratization succeeded in several countries, non-democratic countries (monarchy oil-producing countries) in Arab played the oppression against it all at once.

The Iraqi War under the leadership of the United States defeated dictator Hussein, but it produced many armed groups within the country by the breakdown of order and the exhaustion of the economic blockade over a long time.

 

Islamic extremists that had battled in Afghanistan with receiving help of America in early times came back to the Middle East, and battled as anti-Americanism and anti-Establishmentarian.

 

紛争を遡る

今、最大の関心事は残虐な武装集団イスラム国(IS)と頻発するテロでしょう。

 

イスラム国の台頭は2011年のシリア内戦に端を発している。

これはシリア王家が民主化運動を大弾圧して、シリア国内で武装闘争が激化したことによる。

さらに2010年に始まる民主化運動「アラブの春」とイラク戦争(2003~2011年)が起因している。

 

この民主化運動が数カ国で成功するとアラブの非民主的な国(王制産油国など)が一斉に抑圧に回った。

米主導のイラク戦争は独裁者フセインを倒したが、秩序崩壊とそれまでの経済封鎖による疲弊で、イラク国内に武装勢力を割拠させることになった。

 

さらに、アフガニスタンで、初期には米国の援助を受けて戦っていたイスラム過激派が中東に戻り、反米・反体制側に加勢した。

 

3 アラブの春

< 3. The Arab Spring >

< 3. アラブの春 >

 

But there is flash point from before

One of that is a sequence of following incidents, the overthrow of the Iran government in 1953, the Iran-Iraq war from 1980 to 1988, and the Gulf War against Iraq in 1990.

The United States intervened in all cases, foiled the democratic reform, provided military aid to Iraq and led the outbreak of the war.

 

This has supplied a large quantity of weapons to the Middle East, and caused the social dilapidation.

Furthermore, the deep distrust was implanted in people’s breast.

In addition, the deterioration of security caused the prevalence of Mafia and smuggling, and it became the money source of radical extremists.

 

しかし火種は以前からあった

一つはイラン政権打倒(1953年)、イラン・イラク戦争(1980~1988年)とイラクとの湾岸戦争(1990~1991年)です。

これらに米国が介入し、民主的な改革を潰し、イラクに軍事援助を行い、また開戦を主導した。

これは中東に大量の武器を供給し、また社会の荒廃を招き、人々に不信感を植え付けた。

また治安悪化が、過激派の資金源になるマフィアや密輸を横行させることにもなった。

 

Another one is Palestinian issue.

Since the nation-building of Israel in 1948, Arab countries fought against Israel four times, and it has extended over Lebanon before long.

 

This has intensified military attack and terrorism between Israel and Palestine.

As a result, Palestine has weakened, and the refugees run away to Arab countries.

Thus, The Arab came to hate the U.K. that permitted the nation-building of Israel, and the United States that continued to support Israel.

In Palestine, a Judaist, a Muslim and a Christian had coexisted peacefully until the 19th century.

 

もう一つはパレスチナ問題です。

1948年のイスラエル建国以来、アラブ諸国はイスラエルと4回の戦争を行い、やがてレバノン内戦へと拡大した。

 

これはイスラエルとパレスチナ間の軍事攻撃とテロを激化させた。

この結果、パレスチナは弱体化し、難民はアラブ諸国に逃げた。

こうして、アラブの民衆はイスラエルの建国を許した英国、イスラエルを支援する米国を憎むようになった。

19世紀までのパレスチナは、ユダヤ教徒、イスラム教徒、キリスト教徒が平和に共存していた。

 

4 湾岸戦争

< 4. The Gulf War >

< 4. 湾岸戦争 >

 

The European and American intervention in the Middle East began at colonial times of Britain and France.

In the cold war era, the opposition between the Soviet Union and the United States, and the oil generation enlarged the intervention more.

Of course, the Soviet Union (Russia) strikes a blow for another, and provides the military aid.

 

The United States contributed to many conflict resolutions as the world police over the past century.

It was the United States to have led a peace negotiation of Palestine most.

Nevertheless, like the Korean War and the Vietnam War, there were light and shade between these military operations.

 

On the next time, we look at the peculiar problem that intensifies the conflict in the Middle East.

 

中東における欧米の介入は英仏の植民地時代から始まり、冷戦時代のソ連と米国の対立と石油がさらに介入を増大させた。

当然、ソ連(ロシア)も他方に加担し軍事援助を行っている。

 

米国はここ1世紀、世界の警察として、多くの紛争解決に貢献して来た。

パレスチナの和平交渉を最も主導したのは米国でした。

ただ朝鮮戦争とベトナム戦争のように、その軍事行動には明暗があります。

 

 

次回は、紛争が激化する中東特有の問題を見ます。

 

 

Categories: <english language, <japanese language, politics, Series: Bring peace to the Middle East | Tags: , , , , , , | Leave a comment

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