Bring peace to the Middle East! 30: about terrorism 10 : fight of believer


中東に平和を! 30: テロについて 10: 信者の戦い

 

1

< 1. Japanese-Russo War >
< 1.日露戦争 >

We can understand “God and heaven” that a suicide bomber of the Middle East wrote, by knowing how believers confronted own massacre.

信者が殺戮とどう向きあったかを知ると、中東の自爆テロ犯が語る「神と天国」が見えて来ます。

 

2 ドロヘダ攻城戦
< 2. Siege of Drogheda >
< 2.ドロヘダ攻城戦 >

Certain Christian
“I believe firmly that this is a righteous judgement of God on these barbarous wretches, who had imbrued their hands with so much innocent blood.”

This is a sentence of the report at when British Cromwell (1599-1658) suppressed rebel armies in Ireland. (Siege of Drogheda in 1649)
At this time, the citizens and monks in the city were almost slaughtered as well as combatants.
He justifies own act as Protestant provided justice to Catholic.

The example of such a justification is also seen in the Crusades.
This increased participants in the Crusade, and on the other hand, it caused plunder and massacre to increase.

 
あるキリスト教徒

「これは、無実な人々の血でその手を染めた野蛮な恥知らずどもへの、神の正しき裁きであると私は確信する。」

これは英国のクロムウェル(1599-1658)がアイルランドで反乱軍を鎮圧した時の報告書の一文です。(ドロヘダ攻城戦、1649年)
この時、戦闘員だけでなく、ある都市の市民や修道士などがほぼ全員虐殺された。
彼はプロテスタントがカトリックに裁き(復讐)を与えたとして、自らの行為を正当化している。

このような正当化の事例は十字軍遠征にも見られる。
参加した者には免責が与えられ、戦闘で死んだ者は殉教者になるとされた。
これは十字軍への参加者を増大させた一方、略奪や殺戮を横行させる結果となった。

 

3

< 3. armed priest >
< 3. 僧兵 >

Certain Buddhists
At previous night of all-out attack of the Russo-Japanese War (1904), a Japanese army Buddhist priest told to believers.
“This war doesn’t contradict Sessho-kai (a Buddhist precept of the prohibition of killing living things.), and rather this is a battle for peace.”
And soldiers of the believer charged ahead with saying “Namuamidabutsu (Buddha in paradise)” all together.

In the Russo-Japanese War, this denomination (Jodo Shinshu sect of Buddhism) thought a national feeling of unity is necessary, and encouraged the believers to accepts military service.
Since a long time ago, the believers of the denomination performed against samurai groups fierce fights with weapon of farming implements on several occasions, and they kept self-government.

 

ある仏教徒

日露戦争の旅順総攻撃の前夜(1904年)、日本の従軍僧が信者らに「この戦争は仏教の殺生戒に矛盾せず、平和の為の戦いである」と語った。
そして、信者の兵士らは一斉に「南無阿弥陀仏」と唱えて突撃していった。

日露戦争において、この宗派(浄土真宗)は挙国一致であるべきとして、兵役に積極的に応じている。
古くからこの教団信徒は農具を武器に武士団と壮絶な戦いを行い、自治を守り通したこともある。(福井県の吉崎御坊など)

 

4

< 4. the yellow turban rebellion >
< 4.黄巾の乱 >

Originally, the Buddhism had a prohibition of indiscriminately killing living things and a non-war.
But Japanese large temples had employed armed priests since a long time ago.
The Buddhist fought in Korean Peninsula, China, and Southeast Asia.
In Goguryeo (kingdom of Korea), armed priests in the Korean Peninsula had fought against a great number of invaders of China and nomads with a weapon for defending own country.
In China, a certain school of Taoism caused the yellow turban rebellion, and the Three Kingdoms period began(184 – ).
Next a certain school of Buddhism caused a rebellion, and it led the birth of the Ming (1368 – ).
In China, a large group of farmers that were led by religious organizations caused many revolutions many times.

 
本来、仏教は殺生を禁じ非戦のはずですが、古くから日本の大寺院は武装した僧兵を養っていた。
朝鮮半島や中国、東南アジアでも仏教徒は戦った。
高句麗時代、朝鮮半島の僧兵は中国や騎馬民族の侵略に対し武器を持って戦い、国を守った。
中国では、道教の一派(太平道)が反乱(黄巾の乱)を起こし三国時代(184年~)が始まり、また仏教の一派(白蓮教)が反乱(紅巾の乱)を起こし明(1368年~)の誕生に至る。
この白蓮教は清の時代にも反乱を起こしている。

 

5
< 5. Crusade >
< 5. 十字軍 >

Fight of believer
Looking around the world, it may be said that there was not the religion that did not ever fight.
The enemy was a pagan (sect), devil, unbeliever, in addition an invader and plunderer.
Many widely accepted religion universally has Love and mercy in the doctrine, and infrequently includes the abstinence from taking life.

Why do these believers perform fierce fights in violation of the fundamental creed?
At many fact pattern, religious organizations greatly had influenced it.
It may be said there was a result that the sense of unity and infallibility of the religion was raised by the organizations.

It isn’t a problem usually, but when our society begins to become confused and corrupt, it will bring a bad habit.
信者の戦い
世界を見まわして、かつて戦わなかった宗教はなかったと言えます。
その敵は異教徒(分派)、悪魔、不信仰者に始まり、侵略者、略奪者であった。
広く受け入れられている宗教の教義には愛と慈悲が普遍であり、稀に不殺生も含まれます。

なぜ信者は根本教義に反して壮絶な戦いを行うのでしょうか?
その多くは教団の力が大きく影響しており、宗教がもたらす一体感と無謬性が高度に高められた結果と言えます。

通常、問題にならないが、社会が混乱し疲弊しだすと悪弊が生じることになる。

 

Is there a thing you can understand?
The Palestinian suicide bomber wrote about “God and heaven” in his farewell note.
Because he can go to heaven, did he practice the terror?

As those facts of the world show, first there were necessity for the fight, and the people alleviated a conflict of own death and murder with resorting to God and Buddha.

In world history, many religious organizations have permitted fighting, but Jesus and Buddha will grieve at this.
Probably, I think that Mohammed points out the mistake if he see the present confusion of the Middle East, too.

It isn’t limited to Islam that suicide bombers talk about “God and heaven”.
It is only one of the light and shade that religion brings.

 

This continues the next time.

 
通じるものはあるのか
パレスチナの自爆テロ犯は遺書で「神と天国」を語っていました。
彼らは天国に行けるから自爆を行ったのでしょうか?

世界の例からわかるように、先ず戦う必要に迫られ、次いで死や殺人への葛藤を神や仏が和らげることになるのです。

歴史上、多くの宗教教団は戦いに免罪符を与えることがありますが、イエスや釈迦はこれを嘆いたことでしょう。
おそらくマホメッドも、今の中東の混乱を見れば間違いを指摘したことでしょう。

自爆テロ犯が「神と天国」を語るのは、イスラムに限ったことではないのです。
宗教がもたらす明暗の一つに過ぎないのです。
次回に続きます。

Categories: culture+society, <japanese language, mind, opinion, Series: Bring peace to the Middle East | Tags: , , , , | Leave a comment

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