Series: Birth of primitive art

Birth of primitive art :  A table of contents and abstract

I show the list of a series ” Birth of primitive art”.

please look at  page of ” Birth of primitive art “.

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Birth of primitive art 17: It might tell us something.

The color of earth people's skin 

< The color of earth people’s skin >


This series of “Birth of primitive art ” is finished in this time.

We look at things that people of 30000 years ago left and have more than one interpretation today.

I feel that the secret of human-beings evolution and a still more important suggestion are hidden in them.






making negative hand shape

< Left fig.: making negative hand shape. Right fig.: the hand shape >


These hand shapes were painted 20,000 years ago in a cave, France.

Many kind of pattern were painted bending finger as indicated.

These are found all over the world at 15% of ruins in 13000~35000 years ago.

It may show the number.

There are peoples who count number of heads until 20 using the finger of his hand within the reindeer nomad in Siberia.









Venus of Laussel

< partial diagrammatic view, Venus of Laussel, France, 25000 years ago >


This Venus has a horn of the bison on which the lines of 13 was engraved.

The lines probably show a number of the moons for one year, and some days.




a board made from a bone, France, 28000 years ago

< a board made from a bone, France, 28000 years ago >


Many symbols that have segregated and been continuing probably show phases of the moon.




The symbols of rock arts of the prehistoric age

< The symbols of rock arts of the prehistoric age、by Bradshaw Foundation >


The symbols were drawn repeatedly in 146 caves in France.

Surprisingly, the same as the symbols had appeared all over the world.

The symbols were drawn 13000~35000 years ago.

Within the 26 symbols, there are 15 symbols that are found at 15% or more of all the ruins.

The zig-zag sign at the right lower was found in Australia, the north-south United States, India, and inside and Southern Africa.

The symbols were drawn 13000~20000 years ago.










What would these mean?


They had already treated the number.

With that、The number of game animal was counted, the calendar was recorded and the period like childbirth was possibly measured.

They have recognized surrounding nature abstractly, and were thinking of it and expressing it.


Their capability to express fine arts and the symbols suddenly did not appeared in glacial epoch of Europe.

I think that people in those days were unable to tell the symbols to all each continent.

Those days, all people that had diffused on the earth must have had the same intelligence and feeling.


Because human beings had been adapted to the climate for the past 10,000 years at most, the color of skin changed, and the race was birthed.

Europe of the glacial epoch enabled the settlement of group, and explosion of fine arts was induced, and disappeared by warming.

That’s just about it.


Thank you for reading this series until the last.























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Birth of primitive art 16: What did precede the primitive art? Part2


The Himba woman in northern Namibia 

< The Himba woman in northern Namibia >

 Last time, we looked at the oldest fine arts and the ocher that were used abundantly over the world.

Using the red selectively has concerned with the creation of fine arts.

This time, I will consider this.


The Himba woman has covered their body and hair with red ocher that dissolved with oil.

This is not only sunscreen, but also the female beauty that has symbolized blood color of life.









   the ancient architecture in China, Japan, and South Korea

< the ancient architecture in China, Japan, and South Korea >

The ancient architecture in East Asia was almost red color.

Fig. A is the oldest Buddhist temple in Luoyang, China (the 1st century).

Fig. B is a gate of Heian Jingu in Kyoto and was reproduce a part of Heiankyo of the 8th century.

Fig. C is a tower of the Buddhist temple in Koyasan, Japan.

Fig. D is a gate of the detached palace of the 15th century in Seoul, South Korean.


At present, although many of temples of the ancient city were fading, they were shining with vermilion at when they were built.

Since ancient times, the appearance of the king’s palace, the shrine, and the temple in East Asia was applied red.











a Ryukyu king is standing in front Shuri Castle. Buddha Amida was painted in Tibet.

< Left side, a Ryukyu king is standing in front Shuri Castle. Right Side, Buddha Amida was painted in Tibet. >

In Asia, the red had an important meaning.

Ryukyu Dynasty was the style of China as same as Korean Peninsula.

The dress for courtesy in three nations was the same crimson.

In Buddhism, the body color of the highest Buddha Amida was red.

The red color symbolizes authority and dignity。And it gives people an idea of great benefit.







Red color in Europe, Egypt, and South America 

< Red color in Europe, Egypt, and South America >

 On other continents, what is the red role?

Fig. A is a room of the Palace of Knossos in Crete (around the BC 19th century).

It was rare to apply red color to building in Europe.

Fig. B is Seth God in ancient Egypt, and its body color is red that means the calamity.

Fig. C is a Mass of martyrdom by the priest with red vestment.

In Christianity, although the red color meant the love, yet it more meant the evil and the sacrifice.

Fig. D is the female doll that was decorated with red for sacrifice in Inca Empire.

Probably, latter three were emphasized the minus images of the scorching sun or blood.









What do the red color mean?

Since ancient times, the red color was strongly concerned with good luck, disaster, love, and authority (sacredness) around the world.

It changed by the cultural sphere or the religion little by little.

The meaning of red was probably separated to two, because the people that lived in Middle East of dry climate or in Asia of moistness climate had the difference in the consciousness to the sun.

Even so, because it has a meaning that originates a long time ago, the red color has still continued to give strong impact.








We look back the evolution a little.

All from insect to primates, when it has been born, it has the smell (sexual pheromone), taste, and vision image (snake) that stir up a feeling of likes and dislikes.

A scholar says, “the reason that human beings have feeling special to red originates in having asked for fruits ripe of red color on tree.” 

The period from birth of the primates is 60 million years.





What is art?

The primitive man came to use the red color selectively, probably, because it had satisfied their comfortable feelings.

The revolutionary change occurred in that time, because the ability of associating some imagery and expressing the imagery was being born in their brain.

They had associated some imagery with the law of causality that they thought. Then they expressed it. It will give them a pleasant sensation and a sense of relief, and might had induced art.

At that time, if there was dense group society, the art was born at a breath, and the culture grew.

 It produced the necklace, the Venus, the statues of lion man, flutes, and many rock arts of game animal.


Next time, I look at other mysteries hidden in primitive fine arts.
















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Birth of primitive art 15 : What did precede the primitive art ? part1

 1 ブロンボス洞窟

< Blombos Cave in South Africa. A cave entrance is right-hand mountain side.  modern human beings lived 100,000 years ago. >

Till last time, we looked at the primitive fine arts since 35000 years ago in the world.

Didn’t human beings make fine arts during 5 million?

This time, I will approach this mystery.






The oldest figure

< The oldest figure >

Fig. A, the figure was found in Israel, was made of a red stone between 700000 and 230000 years ago, and was 4 cm in height.

 Fig. B, the figure was found in Morocco, was made of a quartz between 500000 and 300000 years ago, and was 6 cm in height. 

Red ocher had adhered to the surface.

Both are considered that primitive man made.


Ages ago, primitive man on the way of evolution was performing fine arts creation.





The oldest painting in Africa

< The oldest painting in Africa >

This painting found at the Apollo 11 cave in Namibia is estimated to date from approximately 25,000–27,000 years ago. It is an animal figure drawn on the slate.


At the south end of Africa, the creation was performed nearly in parallel to the Europe glacial epoch fine arts.




something like fine arts  

< something like fine arts  >

Fig. A are the oldest bead made of many shells between 140000 and 100000 years ago, and were found in the cave in Israel.

Fig. B is an ocher found at Blombos Cave in South Africa. On its surface was the straight line pattern engraved, and it was made 75000 years ago.

In the cave where modern human beings were living, 8000 pieces and 12 sharpened crayons of ocher were found.

There were also brown and yellow colors of ocher, but the red was the most.

Ocher with the oldest used marks was found in Zambia in Africa, and was thing of 250,000 years ago.

Fig. C is a plate was found at Neanderthal ruins in Hungary, it was made of ivory at 250000 years ago. Red ocher had adhered to the surface.

It is considered that people was using at the ceremony over a long period of time.

What does the appearance of the bead, the plate, and the ocher mean?

This is concerned with “what is fine art?” deeply


The answer will be concerned with the relation of red color of ocher and human beings.











Burial and red color 

< Burial and red color >

Fig.A is two small children’s burial at 27000 years ago in Austria. Many red ochers was scattered there.   

In burial of Cro-Magnon after 37000 years ago, accessories attached to the dead and ocher was scattered on it.

Although Neanderthal was burying after 70,000 years ago, the dead that was painted with red pigments is seen in various area of Europe.

Ocher was used also with many pictures in every area of the earth.

Fig.B is the inner room of an ancient tomb in Japan at 5th century, and it is also painted in red.

This red was made from mercury and sulfur.

     Since time began, the red color had an important meaning in every corner of the earth.


Next time, I want to explain this meaning.










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Birth of primitive art 14 : People who made first fine arts 3

 Rock-Art、Four hunters and a leader、south-eastern Spain、8000 years ago

< Rock-Art、Four hunters and a leader、south-eastern Spain、8000 years ago >

 This time, the change that occurred in Cro-Magnons heart is evident from the burial and the fine arts.

I examine the thing that the change brought, and also the cause.


Last time, although we looked at the influence of their settlement, it is more important that rich contacts increased into the family or the group.

Influence good for child rearing must have come out first.

When they gathered together, they probably enjoyed a long talk like present-day hunter-gatherers.

This probably grew their intelligence, language, and their culture.

Probably, this is one of the reasons in which Neanderthal who used fire and had language functions (cerebral language field and throat structure) lost battles with Cro-Magnon.





reconstruction of a burial, a ruins in Russia, 28000~20000 years ago

< reconstruction of a burial, a ruins in Russia, 28000~20000 years ago, by Don’s Maps >

What happened to Cro-Magnons family?

A 13-year-old boy lies on the left of the figure, and an 8-year-old girl lies on the right.

They dressed with protections against the cold from head to tip of foot entirely.

Splendid spears made of ivory and the necklace of beads, etc. were added in large quantities.


This burial clarifies the difference between Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon.

 Although Neanderthal also buried one person, they didn’t bury small child or more than one person.

Cro-Magnon performed a burial of mother and child for the first time in the cave in Israel at 90,000 years ago.

After that, the burial examples such as two small children and three adults increased in Eurasia from 40,000 years ago.

They began to be strongly conscious of the bonds of mother and child, a family, and a group.

Probably, respecting for maternity added on prayer of fertility, and it led to Venus statue and next mother goddess worship.





Originally, because hunter-gatherers have several problems in life with a lot of people, they dispersed easily. Similarly, they are hesitant to settle down.

Something that controls this minus feeling and advances must have happened in their heart.

Although advanced technology and intelligence were indispensable to adaptation to arctic cold, unless the bonds of family or group arose strongly, the epoch would not have happen.


But, gradually woman and magician are expressed carefully, and group behavior such as the hunting that was shown a prefatory picture came to be drawn in the last stage.

Furthermore, mother and child and the women who danced were also drawn.

On the other hand, drawing carefully game animals decreased.




Brain of modern humans, a red maker is group of neurons A10(VTA)

< Brain of modern humans, a red mark  is group of neurons A10(VTA)、by CMAJ >

What happened to Cro-Magnons brain?

Neurotransmitter dopamine is widely secreted from A10 for a long time in large quantities, especially to the frontal lobe.

Although neurotransmitters are tens of kinds, a dopamine is called a pleasure substance, and have a role to maintain a feeling of happiness and romantic feeling strongly.

A10 is like the big faucet that only human beings have.


The frontal lobe takes the central role on planning, conforming to a social norm, controlling feelings, and the consciousness is in it.

When dopamine is secreted into it, people continue to have strong motivation.

In this way, the epoch happened, didn’t it?

The background in which primitive fine arts arose in Europe was the interaction of global environment and human-beings evolution, and the interaction of their intelligence and the settlement in a group.

Furthermore the brain and the gene were deeply concerned with it.

Next time, we will look at some mystery of primitive fine arts.  






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Birth of primitive art 13 : People who made first fine arts 2

left side is modern human, right side is Neanderthal

< left side is modern human, right side is Neanderthal、by Wikipedia >

 Last time, we looked at the situation in which human beings had gone into Europe.

 Why did the Cro-Magnon begin first fine arts?

 The reason is explored together with readers.






Tools of Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon in Europe is compared

<  Tools of Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon in Europe is compared. >

 Fig. A shows the stone tool that Neanderthal made from 70000 to 50000 years ago. Figs. B and C show what the Cro-Magnon man made.

The stone tools were made from 20000 to 12000, and a harpoon was made of bone from 17000 to 11000 years ago.

The bone or horn implement rapidly developed since Cro-Magnon has appeared.

 Stone tools of Cro-Magnon became sharp edged tool. These and spear thrower enabled them to do efficient hunting. Moreover, they made the extreme clothes that matched their body with sharp cutlery and thin needle. These enabled the lives of extreme cold.





On the other hand, the reindeer and horse of the large animal traveled in large herds in this cold. They were waiting for them in a ravine etc. and they hunted them in a group.  Furthermore, extreme cold enabled preservation of a lot of meat. In this way, they became to settle down on ideal place one season in a group.


Which route does group of animals pass through?  Can a few mammoths be discovered?  

This was their big anxiety. Probably, when they were not able to predict, they wanted to depend on the prayer or the curse like indigenous people.


In this way, they worshipped the skull of game animal, and the mural painting of the animal.

A statue of lion man and several figure of magician suggest later idol worship.


一方、この寒さの中、大型のトナカイや馬が大群で移動していた。彼らは渓谷などでそれらを待ち伏せ, 集団で狩りをした。さらに極寒は大量の肉の保存を可能にした。こうして彼らは好適地に、集団で1シーズン定住を行うようになった。







Comparison of the dwelling 

< Comparison of the dwelling >

 Neanderthal made Fig. A, and Cro-Magnon made Figs. B and C.

 Fig. A is an imaginary picture of a shelter at a ruin in France, is about 15 m in length, and was made about 400,000 years ago.

It was built standing trees to holes and fixing these with stones.

Although it is the first construction dwelling in Europe, the oldest dwelling at 1.8 million years ago is found in Africa, and was very small.


Fig. B shows the restoration of a dwelling at the ruins in Ukraine, is about 6 m in diameter, and about 18,000 years ago.

It was built assembling trees, covering with furs, using bones of the mammoth as a weight for these.


Fig. C is an imaginary picture of dwelling at Gonnersdorf ruin in Germany, is about 6 m in diameter, and was made about 15,000 years ago.

It was built assembling trees, and stretching furs of horse on its frame.

In it, there were a cooking device that made with bones of the mammoth, and a cooking hole.

They lived on several dwellings like this during winter months in a group.

Probably, except this period, they went in quest of game animal, and lived life on the move.










Although the existence of a furnace was common in them, Figs. B and C were firm and adapted to extreme cold.

Originally, since hunter-gatherers move frequently, they carry neither a tool nor materials.

Therefore, a shelter becomes very simple as shown in Fig. A.


People that drew cave mural paintings lived in the entrance of cave and on rock shadow.

There, wind was interrupted, low tree have grown, and the water place was near.




洞窟壁画を描いた人々は深い河谷にある洞窟の入口や岩陰  で暮らした。そこは風が遮られ、低木も茂り、水場も近かった。


This settlement of a glacial epoch brought about fundamental changes to people.

They were able to been having Venus statues that were sculptured and made of clay near themselves.

The settlement by large group also became to enable the allocation of tasks, and entrust mural painting to skillful person.

These led to development of fine arts and technology.

 Since they repeatedly have grouped together and have broken up, it promoted the exchange of knowledge and goods.

 The acquisition range of stone tool spread from a few kilometers to a few hundred kilometers.

 In this way, Cro-Magnon created the primitive fine arts in the extreme cold.


Next time, we will look at the important impact that the settlement caused further.











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Birth of primitive art 12 : People who made first fine arts 1

 a reconstruction of Dolni Vestonice ruin, Czech Republi, about 29000 years ago

 < a reconstruction of Dolni Vestonice ruin, Czech Republi, about 29000 years ago, by Don’s Maps


 From now on, we will explore the meaning and mystery at the birth of primitive arts.

 First, we first approach people who made origin fine arts.

 It will clarify the reason that people made art bloom on this place and at this time.

 This time, it shows the situation in which human beings had been deploying to each continent.







 Journey of human beings

< Journey of human beings  

 The map shows the situation in which human beings deployed to each continent.

 The lines and the arrows show the representative root and each initial period.

 The map simplified ”JOURNEY OF MANKIND” (with Bradshaw Foundation and 0ppenheimer).

 Human beings branched from the ancestor of the chimpanzee about 5 million years ago in Africa, and as new species of it were born any number of times after that, but almost became extinct.

 About 40,000 years ago, modern humans (Cro-Magnon) went into Europe.

Soon, Neanderthal that was indigenous inhabitants became extinct.

It is presupposed by archaeological proof that the author of the primitive arts in Europe was Cro-Magnon mostly.




この図はJOURNEY OF MANKIND (Bradshaw Foundationと0ppenheimer氏製作)を簡略化したものです。





Transition of the average temperature during 160,000 years 

< Transition of the average temperature during 160,000 years >

 The time when human beings immigrated to each continent was influenced by climate.

 The general lowering of sea level by the cooling enabled that they go into Asia, Australia and next Japan, and North American continent.

 Conversely, the warming changed desert and ice sheet into prairie, and it enabled that they go into Europe, next Northern Europe, and Africa and South American continent.

This is one of the reasons that the commencing time of the primitive arts have varied.

Growth and decay of the fine arts in Europe was influenced by climate.

 The statue of Venus was made in large numbers from 32000 to 25000 years ago. Wonderful cave mural paintings, such as Lascaux and Altamira, were made from 19000 to 15000 years ago.

 Ice sheet expanded most between both the periods in 21000 years ago.

 When warming advanced rapidly, the fine arts declined quickly, and it had been lost until the Celtic bronze ware culture began.







ビーナス像が32~25千年前に大量に造られた。ラスコーやアルタミラ等のすばらしい洞窟壁画は19~15千年前に造られた。氷床は21000年前, 両期間の間で最も広がりました。



Vegetation of the last glacial maximum LGM (21,000 years ago),

< Vegetation of the last glacial maximum LGM (21,000 years ago), by PNAS >

Central Europe of this period was covered with snow and ice in winter, and grass in summer.

Africa and India were dry than now.

The northwestern part (Kimberley neighborhood) of Australia approximated to Southeast Asia across a strait, also was forests.

also had the neighborhood and a across and a strait.

The northwestern part (Kimberley neighborhood) of Australia approximated to Southeast Asia across a strait, also was forests.

Japan was connected with the continent in part and was covered with the forest than now.

Human beings were not able to go south, because North America was covered with the glacier.

The period before and behind this became a little warm and human beings became easy to live and migrate.

In this way, the primitive fine arts flowered at the migrated place.


Next time, we will look at the life of Cro-Magnon man in Europe, and some factor of birth of fine arts also.













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Birth of primitive art 11 : primitive arts of American continent

        stone colossal head, 176cm in height, Mexico

< map No.2, stone colossal head, 176cm in height, Mexico, about 3200 years ago >

 This time, it is last to introduce primitive arts over the world.

 I take a brief look at the oldest fine arts in American continent and the beginning of Inca and Mayan civilization.





 American continent

< American continent, area of the oldest fine arts are red 1, 4.  area of ancient civilization are yellow. No. 2 shows Mayan and Aztec. No.3. shows Inca. 

Human beings advance into American continent at first time by way of Alaska about 15000 years ago.

They arrived at the southernmost end of South America after thousands years.

 Therefore, the footprint of the human beings in this continent will become comparatively new.





Toquepala cave ruin, about 9500 years ago, Peru

< map No.4, Toquepala cave ruin, about 9500 years ago, Peru >

 The oldest rock art in American continent is the mural painting in this cave.

 This cave is in the middle of the Andes, and the altitude of 2700 m.

 The picture shows a situation of hunting that some people drive the animals like camel into a fence.

 The picture was drawn with pigment of red, yellow, green, black, and white.








the Andes can be seen in the distance.

< the Andes can be seen in the distance. >

 There is large plateau in the middle of the mountain range of the Andes at a level of 4000 meters.

 First farming started in there after that, and Inca civilization was born.

Machu Picchu that is often called the city in the sky is slightly 200km from Toquepala cave. It is altitude of 2430m.





human figure and lizard, Coso rock art, Eastern California,

<  Map No.1, human figure and lizard, Coso rock art, Eastern California, from 10000 to 1000 years ago, by Bradshaw foundation  >

Rock arts in this area are close to 100,000.

The representational figures consist of animals such as bighorn sheep, and animal-human conflations.  They are drawn by sculpture.





, bards and deer, Baja California,

< Map No.1, bards and deer, Baja California, by Bradshaw foundation  >

Rock arts of this area began to be drawn from about 7000 years ago, and the person and the animal were drawn.




the above rock art was drawn on this rock shadow, Baja California

< Map No.1, the above rock art was drawn on this rock shadow, Baja California, by Bradshaw foundation  >

Many of rock arts in North America are in mountain range, and it are many dried places now.

Hunter-gatherers drew them.





The dawn of ancient civilization

before long、as a settled agriculture started in the central part of American continent and the central Andes, new fine arts was born.

A stone carving of infographic topping is representative art of Olmeca civilization that was first born in the central part of American continent.

Although earthenware, the clay figure, and the jade figure also were made in there, colossal head in stone is unique.

This stone colossal head was set up religious service center ruins including a pyramid.

Probably, it was a monument in which influence of a person of power was shown.

Then, it developed into Mayan and Aztec civilization.









 human figure and human head, 3m in high, Cerro Sechin

< Map No.3, human figure and human head, 3m in high, Cerro Sechin, about 3800 years ago, Peru >

This ruin is one of the ruins that became a forerunner of the Inca civilization in the central Andes.

These images were engraved by lines on slates that surround the foundation of the shrine made from brick.

Although earthenware, the clay figures also were made in there, much later, gold work became very famous.

In this way, the primitive fine arts in American continent developed into the fine arts of civilization.



 From next time, we will look at the mystery and meaning of primitive fine arts birth that we have seen until now.












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Birth of primitive art 10 : primitive arts of East Asia

flame-like earthenware, Niigata Prefecture, japan, About 5000 years ago 

< flame-like earthenware, Niigata Prefecture, japan, About 5000 years ago >

This time, we look at primitive fine arts of Japan and China.

 The characteristic fine arts will teach us the life of the primitive.





  left, The oldest clay figure, about 6cm in height, Ibaraki Prefecture, about 8000 years ago. right, a clay figure is called ” Venus” , Nagano Prefecture, 27cm in height, about 5000 years ago.

< left, The oldest clay figure, about 6cm in height, Ibaraki Prefecture, about 8000 years ago. right, a clay figure is called ” Venus” , Nagano Prefecture, 27cm in height, about 5000 years ago. >

 The world’s first earthenware was made in Japanese Islands at 12000 years ago.

 In those days the people settled in a place while they were hunting, gathering and fishing, because blessings of nature were rich.

It enabled manufacture of the earthenware and the clay figures.

The clay figures had continued to be made for about 8000 years, and it was over as wet-rice farming was popular.

 Above-mentioned the oldest clay figure resembles the Venus image of about 15000 years ago in Siberia. ( refer to “Birth of primitive art 3”)

In the last half of this epoch, the characteristics of woman became to be inconspicuous from the clay figures.

 And decoration and deformation became to be conspicuous.

Then realistic animal clay figures also became to be made.

 Although the excavated clay figures totaled about 15000, these have damaged almost.

 Perhaps, people broke them intentionally for the purpose of the prayer.







big eyes clay figure, Aomori Prefecture, about 3000~2300 years ago

< big eyes clay figure, Aomori Prefecture, about 3000~2300 years ago >

This is one of clay figures in the last half of this epoch. Its eyes are emphasized.


the oldest kinds of earthenware 

< the oldest kinds of earthenware >

Although earthenware was made for cooking, before long, its ornament became to be important.

A flame-like earthenware of infographic topping had appeared suddenly, and disappeared after about 1000 years.

This is considered to be a thing for not daily necessities but religious service.






The feature of these fine arts

 In primitive fine arts of Japan, there are neither realistic drawing nor life scenes almost.

 Of course, there is neither cave mural paintings nor big lock arts.

 Probably, the reason depends to a large extent on the settled life and hunting small animals and gathering nuts.

 The clay figures and earthenware that was made of clay were in close contact with their lives.

 While every locations interplay, these fine arts grew on the whole in Japan islands. Those days, a royal power did not exist.









What place was Japanese Island that developed these?

The places where typical clay figures and earthenware were made are Nagano Prefecture and Niigata Prefecture, and there are at the center of the Japanese Islands.




a clay figure of ” Venus” was excavated on this plateau area. Nagano Prefecture

< a clay figure of ” Venus” was excavated on this plateau area. Nagano Prefecture >

 People in those days also lived on the vast brush or the foot of the mountains.


a reproduction of house in those days 

< a reproduction of house in those days >

 People in those days lived in this like thatched hut by one family.

 One village consisted of from some families to hundreds of persons.


Primitive fine arts of China.

Chinese earthenware was made at the same time as wet rice culture started 10,000 years ago.

A little late, the female clay figure was also made.



left, earthenware was pictured with fish images, about 7000 years ago, middle reach of the Hwang.  Right, a figure of jade, about 8.6 cm in high, lower reach of Chang Jiang, about 5500 years ago

< left, earthenware was pictured with fish images, about 7000 years ago, middle reach of the Hwang.  Right, a figure of jade, about 8.6 cm in high, lower reach of Chang Jiang, about 5500 years ago >

 The surface of this earthenware was pictured with fish images, hoping to be plentiful.

This figure is burial goods and was sewn to religious leader clothing.

 After that, in China, products of jade and the bronze ware that began from the second millennium B.C., became the gorgeous mainstream of fine arts.

 Thus, in East Asia, primitive arts that are a different from other areas was born.

 Next time, we look at the fine arts in American continent.








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Birth of primitive art 9: primitive arts other than Europe 2

a rock art in Bhimbetka, two fighters have a shield and a sword

< a rock art in Bhimbetka, two fighters have a shield and a sword >

This time, we look at primitive fine arts in India and Australian.


 a map of primitive fine arts、fine arts of glacial epoch were born in a red part, other primitive fine arts were born in No. 1~7.

< a map of primitive fine arts、fine arts of glacial epoch were born in a red part, other primitive fine arts were born in No. 1~7. >


Bhimbetka hills in India Central Highlands 

< map No.3, Bhimbetka hills in India Central Highlands >

In Bhimbetka hills,there are about three hundred of Rock Shelters that have mural paintings.

Its oldest fine arts were drawn in about 10,000 years ago. After that, it had been continuously drawn by indigenous people.

Some people say that there were the fine arts from about 30,000 years ago.

There were traces of early human activity in these ruins also.

Footprints of modern human in 75000 years ago were in southern India.







two rock arts are thought of as a kind of the oldest thing in Bhimbetka.

two rock arts are thought of as a kind of the oldest thing in Bhimbetka.

< two rock arts are thought of as a kind of the oldest thing in Bhimbetka. >

Upper image shows that a cow 1.6 m in length, the cow that is ousting a man, other man who put a hand on his waist, and thinly a crab on the left.

Lower image shows humped cattle.

The pictures of these oldest stages drew many big animals, for example a water buffalo, a cow, an elephant, etc., but almost never drew figure paintings.

The images were drawn with only outline or were buried by geometric pattern inside the outline.

The figure paintings were stylized simply, although the animal images were quite realistic.

Over the time, people drew person ride horse or elephant, battling by bow and spear, tinseled horse or elephant, dancing while beating drum, honeybee collection, and fishing.








Bradshaw in northwest Australia

< map No.4, Bradshaw in northwest Australia, mural paintings are in such rock shadow >

There are the oldest rock paintings of Australia in Kimberley of northwest Australia. It is supposed that there are 100,000 places or more.

Its oldest fine arts were drawn over 17,000 years ago. After that, it had been continuously drawn.

Some people say that there were the fine arts from about 43,000 years ago.

First modern human of Australia crossed the Timor strait that became to narrow at the glacial epoch in about 70,000 years ago.







two rock arts were thought of as a kind of the oldest thing in Bradshaw.

two rock arts were thought of as a kind of the oldest thing in Bradshaw.

< two rock arts were thought of as a kind of the oldest thing in Bradshaw. >

Upper image shows a four man canoe with upswept prow and stern. It possibly was the world’s oldest boat painting.

Lower image shows a herd of deer with splendid antler that lined in a row.

Deer of this kind have never lived in Australia, but had lived in Southeast Asia at the glacial epoch.

The people who finished the voyage possibly wrote it depending on own memory.






a rock art of dancing persons in Bradshaw

< a rock art of dancing persons in Bradshaw >

They wear various decorations to waist, ankle, and head, are dancing while wriggling body and arm.

It seems that the smiling face of dancing person is seen.

In India and Australia, drawing mural painting is beginning from 10000 to 20000 years ago, too.

It is not improbable that is beginning from 30000 to 40000 years ago depending on the case.


 Next time, we will look at primitive fine arts in Japan and American.









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Birth of primitive art 8: primitive arts other than Europe 1

  rock arts in Tassili-n-Ajjer       

< rock arts in Tassili-n-Ajjer  >

The first fine arts of the human beings were born in Europe of the glacial epoch, and eventually were lost.

 However, primitive fine arts were born in different parts of the world after that.

We look at the arts in different parts simply.





a map of primitive fine arts、fine arts of glacial epoch were born in a red part, other primitive fine arts were born in No. 1~7.

< a map of primitive fine arts、fine arts of glacial epoch were born in a red part, other primitive fine arts were born in No. 1~7. >

The primitive fine arts in Africa 1 and 2, India 3, Australia 4, and America 6 and 7 were rock arts.

 They are reflecting a life of hunting and gathering life. The indigenous people are continuing drawing them in some locations until recently. For this reason, establishing inaugural year of drawing pictures is difficult.

 Japan made many Venus image out of clay, but didn’t make rock arts.  japan is only special.




map No.1,  Tassili n'Ajjer,  Algeria  

< map No.1,  Tassili n’Ajjer,  Algeria  >

 Although there is in the middle in Sahara Desert here now, was in rich green those days.

 The rock arts on cliffs began to be drawn from 8000 years ago, and stopped by advance of desertification before long.

 Although at first they have lived a life of hunting and gathering, the paintings show that their lives changed from cow breeding to the trade on a horse.

The painting place is near once the water place, and will be in which religious service and ceremony were performed.






Tassili n'Ajjer,  a rock art in times of hunting and gathering  

< Tassili n’Ajjer,  a rock art in times of hunting and gathering  >

 Upper two persons wear some decorations to head, neck, and arm, and the scares in sequence of white points are on the body.

 This scar is a custom that has continued in Central Africa still.

 On the lower side, there are a goat, several playing children, a visionary animal, and tent like jellyfish.

 Each is no relation, the observing point is freedom, and they painted it by priority of how important.

 There isn’t sacredness on it, but I feel pleasure and familiarity to it.






Tassili n'Ajjer,  a rock art in times of cattle breeding 

< Tassili n’Ajjer,  a rock art in times of cattle breeding > 

Hunter that have an uplifting feeling, curved ships, and a herd of cattle that was made distinction of sex, these are painted in it.

Dancing, war, home life, carriage, religious rite, etc. were painted on rock arts of this time.

Brown is a basic tone of the painting, green and white also are added.




map No.2,Tsodilo Hills, Botswana, phot by Jaap Sikkema

< map No.2,Tsodilo Hills, Botswana, phot by Jaap Sikkema >

Bushman (Sun) is continuing a traditional life of hunting and gathering in the Kalahari Desert in Botswana.

In the north direction, there are mountains that they called Tsodilo Hills and regard as sacred.

Several thousands of the rock arts that have been painted by them from 2500 years ago remain here.

One theory is it began at 20000 years ago.



Tsodilo Hills,  rock arts by Bushman

Tsodilo Hills,  rock arts by Bushman

< Tsodilo Hills,  rock arts by Bushman > 

The image above is seen painting of ox and rhinoceros, and a Bushman. The image below is seen eland and giraffe. 

The theme of the paintings is mainly wild animal, hunting, and fishing.

Additionally, there are Dancing, war, rain-making rituals, musical instrument performance, and religion ceremony with wearing mask and with dancing.

When it becomes hundreds of years ago, impressive paintings appear. 

There are vast amounts of rock arts in Southern Africa. Bushman paints these from about 6000 years ago to until the 19th century.

People in Africa also had painted rock arts from 8000 years ago.

Next time, we look at primitive fine arts in other continents. 








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a rock art in the Levant, a mother and a child、Minateda, Spain、

< a rock art in the Levant, a mother and a child、Minateda, Spain、>

Eventually, the glacial epoch fine arts that emitted luster had declined.

This decline caused stagnation and new deployment.

We look at this big change easily.






Azilian culture, painted stones and bone tools

< Azilian culture, painted stones and bone tools >

At 10000 years ago, the colorful cave paintings and movable fine arts that felt vital force no longer were made.

On the other hand, new movements happened at some places a little distant from France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, and northern Spain.

One is the painted stone at 11000 years ago. Figures like characters were drawn with several red lines on the stones.

Although bone tools are also found simultaneously, the ornamented things are not found at all.

Azilian that made these on the south of the Pyrenees (Spain) disappeared within 1000 years.








rock arts in the Levant

< rock arts in the Levant >

From 11000 years ago to 5000 years ago, many rock arts appeared in the Spain southeast part.

These are the small paintings of animal and person that are drawn on lee of rock in ravines only by red. 

Although animals is drawn realistically, persons are deformed and formalized, and are also humorous.

The themes are hunting, war, a dance, Sherman, etc.  It has composition that has motion with many persons and animals.

The drawn animals are game animals and domesticated dogs, then insects such as spider and fly, etc.

The figure subjects are more male than the woman. The male take a bow and put on bracelet, a hat, etc. The woman put on a skirt and ribbon.









Arctic art、Rock Drawings of Alta 

< Arctic art、Rock Drawings of Alta >

A little late, from 6000 to 2000 years ago, many petroglyphs appeared on rocks near the Northern European (especially Norway) sea and rivers.

Many of petroglyphs are carved with a line or flat surface, and they are applied with red. A large thing is a whale 8 m in length.

Many of the themes are game hunting and fishing scenes and the everyday sight are drawn in the style of a tale on it.

The drawn things are reindeer, deer, seal, whale, salmon and sled, boat.


What of the fine arts changed?


The cave painting was lost and turned into rock-art

Human and life scene were thought as important.












air temperature change during the past 160,000 years 

< air temperature change during the past 160,000 years >

What brought about this change?

The glacial epoch finished. :  Air temperature rose abruptly from 15000-year ago, and 10,000 years ago, it became the same as the present. By this, the glacier and the reindeer went away to the north and Europe became a forest and the world of small animals from the ground of snow and ice.

Their life changed suddenly :  They repeated movement in quest of the small animals which do not make a group. It dispersed the previous big group. Preservation of meat became impossibility.  When they took all games, they moved to next place. This was the same as the hunter-gatherers of the forest before civilization.

The agricultural had diffused from the Balkan Peninsula, and spread throughout Europe at the time 5000 years ago.

At last, the brightness of fine arts in Europe had been lost until the Bronze Age comes.

Culture and art were greatly influenced by change of natural environment and a social aggregation.


ext time, we look at prehistory fine arts other than Europe.



氷河期が終わった : 15000年前より気温が急上昇し、1万年前には現在と同じになった。このことにより、氷河とトナカイは北に遠のき、ヨーロッパは氷雪の大地から森林と小動物の世界になった。

生活が激変 : 群れを作らない小動物を求めて移動を繰り返し、分散する社会になった。肉の保存は出来ず、獲物を取り尽くせば移動した。これは文明化以前の森林の狩猟採集民と同じだった。









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a bison looking back

< a bison looking back: Madeleine, 20000 years ago >

We have seen until now the glacial epoch fine arts that happened in Europe.

This time, we consider the meaning of the glacial arts.




 transition of Venus statue

< transition of Venus statue: left side, Czech, about30000 years ago. right side, Germany, 15000 years ago. >

The feature of glacial epoch fine arts

1.       What was drawn and sculpted

Although horse, bison and deer were drawn plenty, fish and reindeer that could be caught easily were not drawn little. A natural scene also was not drawn. The mammoth that could be caught rarely, the pregnant female, and the animal of one pair of male and female animals are conspicuous in there. Although the scene where peoples hunted animals were not drawn, an animal in which bow and spear were stuck, and something like trap or cage were drawn.

Male design was simple thing of two points by the circle and another was symbolization of genitals. As for female design, shape of a body was emphasized, and relief in cave and sculpture was only female images. Other sculptures of whole body were half beast and half man or personalized thing.

Else, There are hand paintings that lacked any fingers and simple and various figures. It seems that the numbers were recorded by the condition of lacked finger in hand paintings, and engraved lines recorded the calendar too. Some simple figures were broadly common.



 1.       描かれ造形されたもの





transition of cave pictures

<  transition of cave pictures: lift side, hyena, France,32000 years ago. right side, bison, Spain,14500 years ago >

2.Technique of drawing and sculpting

The pictorial expression began from the monochromatic outline of a line, and progressed to the line drawing with inflection.

Subsequently, the details like hair were drawn additionally, the contrasting density was expressed in connection with widely painting, and then it progressed to polychromatic drawing from 2-color drawing.

Although most animal images were drawn by the side view, only the hoof was drawn by the front view. This will be because the hoof that shows health condition was thought as important. This brings my mind back to the mural painting of ancient Egypt.

Paints were devised very much and obtained the multiple colors that mixes various minerals with oil and fats, and is liquid. In Altamira, the charcoal that obtains black was selected carefully by the wooden kind. In Lascaux, the bone of the animal was burned at 400 degrees, and calcite was mixed with it, and also it became hot at 1000 times, and used it.


2.     描画や造形の手法





 3.     Others

There is many cave painting in the inner part of the caves that not get any sunlight. There is it in the entrance used as the place of the life. Moreover, the mural painting is drawn also on the cave in which it does not live. The animal of the cave paintings was almost painted-over picture, and probably, the peoples in those days didn’t put importance on good-looking picture.

In 20,000 years, although cave painting came to have a rich expression, Venus statue of end-stage half became a simple design. Although this Venus statue image had a commonality by the side view, it reflected the diversity of the region.


 3.     その他




hand painting in cave、Flute

< hand painting in cave: France ,32000 years ago. Flute: made of bone, German, about 35000 years ago. >

What changed?

  1. have magical thinking : They expressed things that they wished and accept a value through paintings and statue, and people present their wishes to it.
  2. manipulated number and technology :  They began to record a notation or a calendar by combining. Technology was developed similarly.
  3. created and place importance on formality : Although fine arts change with the times and  reflect the diversity of the region, have a commonality.
  4. cherished these with groups : They taught pictures technique, left cave painting to the specific person, and occasionally performed the festival.
  5. moved broadly and trafficked with the long distance : We can guess from a stone tool, the similarity of design with fine arts, and stone tool material.


1.   呪術思考 : 希望するものや価値あるものを表現し、それに願いを託した。

2. 数字や技術を操った : 組合せることにより数や暦などの記録を始めた。

3.   創作し、かつ形式を尊んだ : 描画は発展し対象もやや変化し、共通性を保ちながら地域性も有した。

4.     集団でこれらを育んだ : 絵画技法を伝授し、特定者に壁画を任せ、時には祭儀を行った。

 5.    広範囲に移動し、さらに遠くとも交易した : 石器やデザインの共通性、石器材料から推測出来る。


People lived by rock shadow at 30,000 years ago 

< People lived by rock shadow at 30,000 years ago >

What happened to human beings?

 Cro-Magnon man began half-settled life with the group more than a family in arctic cold, in and around cave.

 Two reasons made it possible was that they had to hunt much reindeer that do seasonal migration by group, and coldness enabled preservation of a lot of meat.

 If it is hot, meat will rot. If it is cold, a reindeer will disappear and their heavy winter clothing becomes useless.

 They were able to make the dress that matches their body by the needle made from a bone.

 The intercommunion with a family, a group, and other groups influenced each other, and greatly developed language, child-rearing, and technology. Furthermore, culture and a sense of values (religion, art) were produced.


Next time, we will look at decline period of glacial epoch fine arts.















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Birth of primitive art 5 : the last Brightness of cave art


< fig.1、Trios Freres cave、shaman >

This time, we look at the wonderful arts in the last of glacial epoch Europe.

These were in the fate that disappears suddenly soon.


At first, it is the Altamira cave (about 14500 years ago) in Spain.

It is close to a sea and is on a gently sloping karsts hill (altitude 160 m.).






< fig.2, the big roof >



< fig.3, a bison >


The mural paintings were concentrated in the big roof fig.2 (entering the entrance of fig.4, immediately left-hand side).There were pictures of 25 animals drew with red, black and brown.

The pictures were many bisons, deer, wild boar, horse and a person like shaman.

The stereoscopic effect and reality of bison fig.3 are increasing by many colors, gradation and shadow processing.

This is the highest level of Old-Stone-Age pictures.

It is presumed that one author drew the all pictures of the big roof, and the cave had been managed together.

Probably, the bison that emerge in abysmal darkness by a swinging torch may seem to be alive completely.






< fig.4,Altamira Cave、The lower left is an entrance. full length 270 m, Spain >


The first Peoples came to the cave about 19000 years ago.

The People did not live inside the cave (fig.4), but dug the hole in the cave entrance, and were making it the dumping ground.

Because of the thrown-away bone, it turned out that rich woods and many hunting animals were in the circumference of the cave.

The drawing animals accord with the hunting animals.

It seems that the peoples repeatedly used the cave as a meeting place during the long period.

Various small groups came and went the vast domain between France and Spain.







< fig.5、reindeer and fish >

< fig.6、Two bisons、full length 61cm in right-hand side>


We look at other distinctive arts from an old thing.

Fig. 5 is a developed figure of commanding sticks was made of hartshorn. This was found in Lortet cave of 17000 years ago in France.

There are a reindeer of right edge looks back, and the legs of two reindeers before it.

And the four salmons seem to poke the deer from the bottom under the legs.

Probably, this drew the spectacle in which a group of reindeer just has been going across a river to which the salmons have been ascending.

They caught the moment that they excited most. The vigorous figure was expressed by simple line engraving.


Fig. 6 shows the relief that was made of clay on the floor in Tuc d’audoubert cave of 15000 years ago in France.

One pair of bison at last minute copulation was expressed.

Fig.1 was a copy of mural painting in Trois Freres cave of 15000 years ago in France. This cave connected with the above-mentioned cave.

It is visible to shaman who imitated the figure of a deer, or the personified person.










< fig.7、 line drawing carved into the rock in Addaura cave >


Fig. 7 shows the line drawing carved into the rock of about 10000 years ago in Addaura cave of Italy.

Eight persons become a round ring and dance around two lying persons in the picture.

Strangely、the dancers are wearing the mask to which a beak attached. Two persons of middle are bind a head and a leg with a rope, and their penis is rising up.

This is associated with the scene of a sacrifice.

In those days, did the ceremony that wore mask already start?

I will tell the perspective of cave arts next time.












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Birth of primitive art 4: Development of the cave paintings


 ゲナスドルフ,女性線刻画,Female line-engraving drawing , Gonnersdorf ruin, Germany  

< Female line-engraving drawing in Gonnersdorf ruin, Germany  >

Last time, we looked at the movable statues in the last stage of the glacial epoch.

From this time, we look at the brilliant cave paintings of a glacial epoch.

The Fine arts suddenly bloomed on the ground of arctic cold.


First, I do the last supplementary explanation. Last time, there was an opinion that the Venus image of Nebra is visible to a penis. The above figure is the line-engraving drawing of the clay stone in Gonnersdorf ruin that were making the same Venus statues as Nebra. Two women that have an arm were drawn on this stone. Thus, it is guessed that the Venus statue is the thing developed from the female image. Thank you for the precious opinion.







シャーベット洞窟,馬,horse、Chauvet cave

< horse 、 Chauvet cave >

Cave paintings appeared a little later than movable statues for a while. There is no painting outside a cave until the last stage comes. The oldest thing is in Chauvet cave in south France, 31000 years ago. This limestone cave amounts to 400 m in length. In the inner wall, there were the colored pictures of 300 over, the line-engraving drawing of 300 over, many signs, and many handprints.

A horse, the extinct cow, a bison, a bear, a mammoth, a reindeer, the owl, the lion, the hyena were painted on the surface of the wall. The main paints the black of charcoal and the red of Ocher. There is also a room unified in each color. The animal that is running in groups is drawn, and two fighting rhinoceroses that were drawn by the forcible outline look vividly.






戦う犀、fighting rhinoceroses,Chauvet cave

< fighting rhinoceroses 、 Chauvet cave >

Secondly, the cave painting is in the Cosquer cave facing the Mediterranean in France. It is divided into many handprints drawn 27000 years ago and the animal group drawn 19000 years ago. Although many handprints are seen in other caves, the paint included in the mouth is sprayed on the hand put on the wall, and a picture is made. A penguin and a seal are rare, although the painting animal is a lot of horses in common with other caves.

The famous Lascaux cave painting appears in France 17000 years ago. The Lascaux cave is one of the 30 caves of the gorges in the limestone region. The stone tool and a bone implement of 100,000 points are found from this whole region. Although there is a trace of a life, there is a cave without paintings, and the caves like this is about half. The Lascaux cave consists of three rooms, is about 70 m in full length, and the largest places“The hole of a bull”are a hole of 9m wide, and Fig. 1.






ラスコー,牡牛のホール,The hole of a bull、Lascaux cave 

< fig.1 The hole of a bull 、Lascaux cave >

The side and the ceiling side of a cave mainly have many hundreds of horses, cows, deer, and bisons, and there is a picture of a maximum of 5.5m cow in them.Moreover, there are the colored picture and line-engraving drawings that describe a goat, a sheep, an antelope, a human being, and a geometrical pattern. These numbers are 2000 points. There are 500 handprints that man sprayed paints. Red clay and charcoal were melted and mixed with animal fat, blood, and sap, and black, red, yellow and tea, and brown paints were made. It is thought that the painting brush uses the moss, the hair of an animal, and a wooden branch or one’s own finger.




牛と馬,A bull and a horse、Lascaux cave

< fig.2 A bull and a horse  、Lascaux cave >

Fig. 2 in the hole of a bull is painted over picture. Fig. 2 in the hole of a bull was painted over  some pictures repeatedly. The first pictures that was painted was a horse group of gray with running fast, on lower side. Subsequently, it was one horse that has a black mane in the center of the left, and the red body. Subsequently, it was a bull realistically was drawn by the black outline. Finally, a deer was painted in the pictures by only red on lower right.



牡牛のホールにある図2は重ね描きされている。最初に描かれたのが下部の灰色の疾駆する馬群. 次いで左中央の黒いたてがみと赤い胴体を有する一頭の馬、次いで黒の輪郭線で写実的に描かれた牛、最後に右下の赤一色の鹿が書き加えらえた。


バイソンと人,A bison and a person、Lascaux cave 

< fig.3 A bison and a person、Lascaux cave >

Fig. 3 shows the only scene in which a person appears. It is rare that a person appears in the fine arts of the Old Stone Age, and even if drawn, it is childish. In this picture, there is a bison that a spear is stuck in and from which an internal organ fall out, and the person fall down before that.On the lower side, there is a spear and a stick (probably an atlatl) that was attached a bird decoration.The person’s head is like a bird with a beak, it is seen that 4 fingers and the erect sexual organs.It seems to have some kind of message in this picture. The interpretation is a hunting scene, a transformer state of a shaman, a ceremony, etc.


Next time, I look at the last of cave fine arts and the shining time.










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Birth of primitive art 2: Opening of glacial epoch fine arts

 ビーナス,A female head, France, Venus of Brassempouy

< A female head, France, 25000 years before, ivory, 4 cm height >

Movable property fine arts appeared suddenly in frigid Europe.

 We see about the typical Venus statue.




< A valley of the Chauvet Cave >

氷河期地図,The ruins map, glacial epoch, Europe, 10,000 ~40,000 years ago   

< The ruins map of glacial epoch Europe, 10,000 ~40,000 years ago >

 Many of the cave paintings were painted inside of the limestone cave that sunlight doesn’t reach.

 Many of the caves were in the ravine.

 They were near by the way that the reindeer carries out seasonal migration.

 Many animals drank water at the nearby place.

 People hunted these animals, fished or collected, and lived on the entrance of a cave and a rock shadow.

 From 3 million years ago, the glacial epoch began and it was most cool from 120000 years ago to 40000 years ago.

 Northern Europe and the Alps were covered with the glacier at this time.

 Since a sea surface lowered, there was no sea between England and Scandinavian Peninsula.

 The areas other than the prairie zone in the Mediterranean and the glacier were covered with ice and snow (step, tundra), and the mammoth was walking there in winter.










ビ-ナス,Venus, Dolní Věstonice 、Willendorf、nebra

< Venus statue >

Fig.1: Czechoslovakia, 29000 years ago, a calcination clay, 11 cm height

Fig.2: Germany, 25000 years ago, a limestone, 11 cm height  

Fig.3: Germany, 15000 years ago, a horn, 6~10 cm height  


First, Movable property fine arts appeared first and a group of the Venus statue of them is impressive.

 The statues of about 60 were excavated in the large area from France in the west to eastern Russia in the east.

 The oldest thing is the female statue group made from ivory about 35000 years ago.

 It has the common feature with a big breast and abdomen, and its height is from 6 to 15 cm.

 Fig. 1, the Venus statue has a special meaning. From these ruins, many calcination clay images some animal and ball is also found.

 A remarkable point is that they are the products made from clay calcinated at low temperature, therefore it hints at the forerunner of making earthenware.

 This probably shows that the life changed from continuation of movement to seasonal stay.

 Fig. 2, the Venus statue emphasizes a buttock, an abdomen, and a breast with a typical spindle type, and although the face is omitted, it displays the private parts.

 This is associated with a hand ax of stone tool and the symmetrical design is beauty.

They emphasized the generative functions. This reason probably was that they associated the childbirth with the fertility.

 This became a forerunner of many symbols on the world.

 The female head image made from ivory was found in a cave about 25000 years ago (the first Fig.).

 Although the mouth is omitted, its eyes and the nose are clarity, and it is covered with the hair or a hood.



図1: チェコ、29000年前、焼成粘土、高さ11cm。

図2: ドイツ、25000年前、石灰岩、高さ11cm。

図3: ドイツ、15000年前、角、高さ6~10cm。














ビーナスの浮き彫り,Venus, Laussel, France, Relief

< Relief of Venus, France,25000 years ago, a limestone wall, 44 cm height >

 The same time as this, the relief of Venus was discovered in a rock shadow of the valley near famous Lascaux Cave.

 It had a horn of a bison in one hand.

 The red ground (Ocher) is applied to that surface.

 There are 13 ruled lines in the horn, and I think that it is a calendar or some days.

 Fig. 3, a female statue made from the reindeer horn at 15000 years ago in northeast Germany.

 This statue became last female image and they weren’t made again.

 This emphasizes a buttock and is a simple design with the cylindrical upper half of the body.

 I seems that this was the pendant or putting in the bag.

 In this way the female statues of origin fine arts came into the world。

 Through the time of 20,000 years, it became simple carrying arts from the precious thing that emphasizes fertility.


Probably, they had the value as accessories or fetish.















Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, opinion, Series: Birth of primitive art | Tags: , , , | Leave a comment

Birth of primitive art 1: What does it mean?

ビーナス像 Venus statue,  About 25000 years before  primitive art
< Venus statue,  About 25000 years before >


It was explained by “the origin of mind” how the humankind’s mind was born from space birth to the present age.

Two epoch-making in the evolution of humankind’s mind are the erect posture and family birth。

It is explained by description from 12 to 14 in the series.

A primitive art of the glacial epoch that continues after that is important similarly.

Subsequent to it, the farming revolution, city revolution, and mental revolution are generated.

This series explains the primitive art that humankind first started at about 30,000 years ago in Europe.








 シューヴェ洞窟壁画 Chauvet Cave painting,  32000 years ago primitive art

< Chauvet Cave painting,  About 32000 years ago >

Why is this primitive art important? These features are enumerated.


1.        This design was the first thing on the earth.

2.        These art activities started suddenly. And 15,000 years continue and there is much the quantity.

3.        There are development progress and local culture in the pictures and statue.

4.        We can feel the symbolism, the narrative, and the realism in the art objects.

5.        The humankind (Cro-Magnon man) that already was born made them.

6.        It was performed in Europe of the arctic cold of a glacial epoch.

なぜこの原始美術が重要なのか? この特徴を列挙します。

1.        このデザインは地球上最初のものであった。

2.        突如として芸術活動が始まり、1万5000年間も続き、その量は多い。

3.        その絵画や彫像には発展経過と地域的な文化性がある。

4.        その造形物から象徴性、物語性、写実性を感じることが出来る。

5.        既に誕生していた現世人類(クロマニヨン)がその担い手であった。

6.        それは氷河期の極寒のヨーロッパで行われた。

振り返るバイソン,a bison looks over one's shoulder,  15000 years ago,primitive art

< a bison looks over one’s shoulder,  About 15000 years ago  >


In this period, there were very important on the history of humankind’s mind.


1.  Unlike a tool and dwelling till now, the art objects did not satisfied his physiological demand. 

2.  It shows that new intelligence (art, religion, natural history, technical intelligence and those integrated capability) was born.

3.  It did not happen in other areas. And it happened just during the glacial epoch.

The social behavior of the altruistic behavior and the family love that were obtained by evolution differed from the new intelligence greatly.



1.        それまでの道具や住居とは異なり、何ら生理欲を満足させない物が作られた。

2.        それは新しい知能(芸術、宗教、博物学、技術的知能とそれらの統合能力)が誕生したことを示している。

3.        他の地域では起こらず、また氷河期だけに呼応することとなった。



addaura洞窟壁画,Addaura Cave painting, 10000 years ago,primitive art

< Addaura Cave painting, About 10000 years ago >


The art objects show that the intelligence became highly efficient much more.

On the other hand, considering that a period for the mutation was very short and the place was restricted, we can think the society would make the intelligence.

These art activities were the beginning of the history of mind by the first society and culture.

If we understand it well, we can very know that humankind’s mind was influenced by the society.

Furthermore, we can understand what is the important element of the society


Continued to the next.









Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, opinion, Series: Birth of primitive art | Tags: , , , , , | Leave a comment

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