The society and the information 57: News media has fought 14


< 1. Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905 >

< 1. 日露戦争、1904~1905年 >


We again look at the background why newspaper changed in.

What did the progress of the war regime bring?






Usually, to find out about the path to a war, person will check out politics, armed forces, international relations, economy, subsequently public opinion, and media.

However, I adversely question the background that media went into wrong path.

The reason is the media can be compared to nervous system in a human body.

Because, if it exactly functions, we can stop and cure a cancer progresses.

But unfortunately, when a brain is influenced by feelings (fear and uneasiness, hatred), the person makes a wrong judgment.

Similarly, it occurs in media.

It is important that we know how the media come to don’t function.










How did the background change?

The background was divided into three main branches.

A: The social background by the progress of the war regime. It had deepened in the long term.

B: The economic background. It became more conspicuous in the 1920s.

C: The political background. It became more conspicuous mainly since the middle of 1920s.

The above three backgrounds relate to culture and thought that have an effect on public opinion, and then international relations.









2 1933年海軍観閲式

< 2. The inspection parade of the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1933 >

< 2. 1933年、日本帝国海軍の観閲式 >


A: The progress of the war regime.

Overseas dispatch of Japanese troops started in Taiwan from 1874, next, Sino-Japanese War of 1894, and continued to Russo-Japanese War of 1904.

Since that day, the progress of the war regime of Japan became more conspicuous, and

Japan continued to walk a path of a war of expansion.


Shall we grasp the dimensions of the progress of the war regime?

The number of soldiers of the Japanese Army and Navy was first tens of thousands, but always needed 300,000 from 1912 to 1931.

And Japanese men entered the military unless no passing the check of military conscription at least once.

In Japanese military, the number of death tolls and injured persons were 100,000 and 160,000 in Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War only.

Japanese military expenditure ratio in the national finances was an average of 40% during the 1890s and the 1929s, 27% at the minimum, and the maximum was 82% for two years of Russo-Japanese War.










3 軍事費

< 3. Military expenditure and Government spending from Meiji era till the Great War period >

< 3. 明治から大戦期までの軍事費と全財政支出の推移、「日本経済復活の会」から >


Explanatory notes:   The unit of vertical axis is 1 million yen, and a logarithmic display.

A brown line: Government spending of Japan.

A blue line: Military expenditure. When the military expenditure is prominent, a blue line approaches the brown line.

Commentary: The military expenditure increased day by day, but the national economy grew up equally until the 1920s.

However, after that, while the military expenditure rapidly increased, the national economy conversely declined for several years.


凡例: 立軸の単位は百万円で対数表示。

茶色線: 日本の財政支出。

青色線: 軍事支出。軍事費が突出すると青色線が茶色線に近づく。

解説: 軍事費は日増しに増大したが、その間の経済も1920年代まで同様に成長した。



For 60 years until Manchurian Incident in 1931, the arms buildup and the dispatch of troops were important theme in the politics, and the military demand and the colonial economy made an important contribution to economic development.

People became closely acquainted with Wars and military gradually, and top success in life of boys was military man.

On the other hand, Japanese built animosity toward people of the continents that Japan invaded due to occurrence of casualties of own citizens and soldiers.







4 中村震太郎事件

< 4. At three months before Manchurian Incident, three Japanese soldiers were shot to death by a local armed faction >

< 4. 中村大尉事件:満州事変の3ヶ月前に軍用調査の3人が満州軍閥に銃殺され死体は遺棄された >


While anti-Japan sentiment had raged, even if the casualties of several people occurred with the invasion of our military, Japanese national was enraged and appealed for the revenge.

Every belligerent country feels strong anger with being slaughtered even more than the number of the casualties, and a chain of revenge starts, and the war expands.

Thus, people strongly attend to the safety of own relatives and the victory or defeat of battlefronts, and come to pay attention to the news.

It may be said that this situation is universal human principles, and this already had occurred for several decades in Japan.


This continues next time.














Categories: culture+society, history+evolution, <english language, <japanese language, politics, Series: The society and the information | Tags: , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

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2 thoughts on “The society and the information 57: News media has fought 14

  1. I just pray for Peace across the world. I also wish we had not dropped atom bombs on innocent citizens but Pearl Harbor is what set the situation. Other times, I just wish we minded our own business and took care of our hungry children and disabled citizens. Take care, Robin

    • Thank you for commenting. I think so, too. I am writing this articles along with wishing that Japan will not begin to war again. Take care, aquacompass.

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